Production of cobalt and nickel particles by hydrogen reduction

Johanna Forsman, Unto Tapper, Ari Auvinen, Jorma Jokiniemi (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cobalt and nickel nanoparticles were produced by hydrogen reduction reaction from cobalt or nickel chloride precursor vapour in nitrogen carrier gas. This aerosol phase method to produce nanoparticles is a scalable one-step process. Two different setups were introduced in particle production: a batch type reactor and a continuously operated reactor. Common feature in these setups was hydrogen mixing in a vertical flow reactor. The process was monitored on-line for particle mass concentration and for gas phase chemical reactions. Tapered element oscillating microbalance measured the particle mass concentration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to monitor relevant gas phase species. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were characterised using transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were crystalline with cubic fcc structure. Twinning was often observed in cobalt particles while nickel particles were mostly single crystals. The cobalt particles formed typically long agglomerates. No significant neck growth between the primary particles was observed. The primary particle size for cobalt and nickel was below 100 nm.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745 - 759
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Cobalt
Nickel
Hydrogen
cobalt
nickel
hydrogen
Gases
particle mass
reactors
Reactor
Nanoparticles
vapor phases
Twinning
nanoparticles
Aerosols
particle production
twinning
Chemical reactions
microbalances
Nitrogen

Keywords

  • Metal nanoparticle
  • Cobalt
  • Nickel
  • Chemical vapour synthesis
  • Aerosols

Cite this

Forsman, Johanna ; Tapper, Unto ; Auvinen, Ari ; Jokiniemi, Jorma. / Production of cobalt and nickel particles by hydrogen reduction. In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 2008 ; Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 745 - 759.
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Production of cobalt and nickel particles by hydrogen reduction. / Forsman, Johanna; Tapper, Unto; Auvinen, Ari; Jokiniemi, Jorma (Corresponding Author).

In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 10, No. 5, 2008, p. 745 - 759.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of cobalt and nickel particles by hydrogen reduction

AU - Forsman, Johanna

AU - Tapper, Unto

AU - Auvinen, Ari

AU - Jokiniemi, Jorma

PY - 2008

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N2 - Cobalt and nickel nanoparticles were produced by hydrogen reduction reaction from cobalt or nickel chloride precursor vapour in nitrogen carrier gas. This aerosol phase method to produce nanoparticles is a scalable one-step process. Two different setups were introduced in particle production: a batch type reactor and a continuously operated reactor. Common feature in these setups was hydrogen mixing in a vertical flow reactor. The process was monitored on-line for particle mass concentration and for gas phase chemical reactions. Tapered element oscillating microbalance measured the particle mass concentration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to monitor relevant gas phase species. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were characterised using transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were crystalline with cubic fcc structure. Twinning was often observed in cobalt particles while nickel particles were mostly single crystals. The cobalt particles formed typically long agglomerates. No significant neck growth between the primary particles was observed. The primary particle size for cobalt and nickel was below 100 nm.

AB - Cobalt and nickel nanoparticles were produced by hydrogen reduction reaction from cobalt or nickel chloride precursor vapour in nitrogen carrier gas. This aerosol phase method to produce nanoparticles is a scalable one-step process. Two different setups were introduced in particle production: a batch type reactor and a continuously operated reactor. Common feature in these setups was hydrogen mixing in a vertical flow reactor. The process was monitored on-line for particle mass concentration and for gas phase chemical reactions. Tapered element oscillating microbalance measured the particle mass concentration and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to monitor relevant gas phase species. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were characterised using transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. The produced cobalt and nickel particles were crystalline with cubic fcc structure. Twinning was often observed in cobalt particles while nickel particles were mostly single crystals. The cobalt particles formed typically long agglomerates. No significant neck growth between the primary particles was observed. The primary particle size for cobalt and nickel was below 100 nm.

KW - Metal nanoparticle

KW - Cobalt

KW - Nickel

KW - Chemical vapour synthesis

KW - Aerosols

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JO - Journal of Nanoparticle Research

JF - Journal of Nanoparticle Research

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