In Finland the objective is to utilize reed canary grass and straw on energy production together with other domestic fuels, on filtration of peat production run-off waters and as a raw material of chemical pulp. In Finland the realistic production potential of reed canary grass (abbreviation RCG) and straw on mineral soil is estimated to be 7,9 TWh, which means cultivation of RCG on 170 000 hectares and harvesting of straw on 230 000 hectares. In Finland some 50 000 hectares of peatlands are utilized on commercial peat production. Of this amount 1000 - 2000 hectares are annually withdrawn from peat production due to gradual exhaustion of the fields. Most of these fields are suitable for cultivation of RCG. RCG plantations can be one method to purify the run-off waters of production areas and landscape production sites. VTT and Vapo Oy have developed harvesting chains of RCG and straw. The research has included loose harvesting methods operating on mineral soil or on peat production areas and comparative methods based on baling in harvesting of straw. In addition the combustion of RCG and straw has been studied. The existing transportation chains of peat and wood chips can be utilized on production logistics.
|Place of Publication||Jyväskylä|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|