Products from the flash pyrolysis of peat and pine bark

Vesa Arpiainen, Maija Lappi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dry powders prepared from fuel-grade medium-decomposed Carex peat and from bark of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) were pyrolyzed in a continuous bench-scale fluidized-bed reactor over a temperature range of 400–800° C.
Gas-phase residence time within the heated zone was about 0.5 s. In addition to the determination of the yields of major product groups, the organic liquid products were separated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and characterized by infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography.

The highest yields of organic liquids, more than 50 wt% of bark organic matter and over 40 wt% of peat organics were obtained at 500° C. The yields of liquid products decreased at 600° C because of thermal secondary reactions, and the yields of gaseous products, such as CO, C2H4, CH4 and H2 increased correspondingly.
At the highest temperature nearly 60 wt% of peat and nearly 50 wt% of bark were degraded to gaseous products. The proportion of organic liquids analyzed by gas chromatography was, in all cases, less than 30 wt%. Even so, significant changes in chemical structures were detected.
According to the gel permeation chromatography results, the liquid products formed at 800° C still contained high-molecular-weight substances. On the other hand, the high-temperature liquid products were, overall, of lower molecular weight than those obtained at lower temperatures.

The results can be utilized in the development of thermochemical conversion processes based on flash pyrolysis. In addition, they can be applied in basic research on gasification and combustion at high-heating rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-376
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Peat
Pyrolysis
Liquids
Gel permeation chromatography
Gas chromatography
Molecular weight
Temperature
Carbon Monoxide
Heating rate
Gasification
Powders
Biological materials
Fluidized beds
Mass spectrometry
Infrared spectroscopy
Gases

Cite this

Arpiainen, Vesa ; Lappi, Maija. / Products from the flash pyrolysis of peat and pine bark. In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 1989 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 355-376.
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title = "Products from the flash pyrolysis of peat and pine bark",
abstract = "Dry powders prepared from fuel-grade medium-decomposed Carex peat and from bark of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) were pyrolyzed in a continuous bench-scale fluidized-bed reactor over a temperature range of 400–800° C. Gas-phase residence time within the heated zone was about 0.5 s. In addition to the determination of the yields of major product groups, the organic liquid products were separated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and characterized by infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography.The highest yields of organic liquids, more than 50 wt{\%} of bark organic matter and over 40 wt{\%} of peat organics were obtained at 500° C. The yields of liquid products decreased at 600° C because of thermal secondary reactions, and the yields of gaseous products, such as CO, C2H4, CH4 and H2 increased correspondingly. At the highest temperature nearly 60 wt{\%} of peat and nearly 50 wt{\%} of bark were degraded to gaseous products. The proportion of organic liquids analyzed by gas chromatography was, in all cases, less than 30 wt{\%}. Even so, significant changes in chemical structures were detected. According to the gel permeation chromatography results, the liquid products formed at 800° C still contained high-molecular-weight substances. On the other hand, the high-temperature liquid products were, overall, of lower molecular weight than those obtained at lower temperatures.The results can be utilized in the development of thermochemical conversion processes based on flash pyrolysis. In addition, they can be applied in basic research on gasification and combustion at high-heating rates.",
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Products from the flash pyrolysis of peat and pine bark. / Arpiainen, Vesa; Lappi, Maija.

In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1989, p. 355-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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PY - 1989

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AB - Dry powders prepared from fuel-grade medium-decomposed Carex peat and from bark of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) were pyrolyzed in a continuous bench-scale fluidized-bed reactor over a temperature range of 400–800° C. Gas-phase residence time within the heated zone was about 0.5 s. In addition to the determination of the yields of major product groups, the organic liquid products were separated and identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and characterized by infrared spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography.The highest yields of organic liquids, more than 50 wt% of bark organic matter and over 40 wt% of peat organics were obtained at 500° C. The yields of liquid products decreased at 600° C because of thermal secondary reactions, and the yields of gaseous products, such as CO, C2H4, CH4 and H2 increased correspondingly. At the highest temperature nearly 60 wt% of peat and nearly 50 wt% of bark were degraded to gaseous products. The proportion of organic liquids analyzed by gas chromatography was, in all cases, less than 30 wt%. Even so, significant changes in chemical structures were detected. According to the gel permeation chromatography results, the liquid products formed at 800° C still contained high-molecular-weight substances. On the other hand, the high-temperature liquid products were, overall, of lower molecular weight than those obtained at lower temperatures.The results can be utilized in the development of thermochemical conversion processes based on flash pyrolysis. In addition, they can be applied in basic research on gasification and combustion at high-heating rates.

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