Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends

S. Sampaio, J. Shen, D. Bishop, Arja Miettinen-Oinonen, T. Tzanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increased interest in flax/wool blends has led to the investigation of scouring and bleaching conditions that are less damaging to protein fibers than conventional flax preparation methods. Enzymatic scouring with pectinases was rather inefficient, probably because flax lignin protects the middle lamella pectins from enzymatic hydrolysis. Degradation of lignin with laccases, or laccase/mediator systems (either alone or in combination with enzymatic scouring) led to good whiteness after a single mild low-temperature bleaching. Unfortunately, the laccase systems were unsuitable for flax/wool blends because they caused irreversible staining of the wool component. These enzymatic preparation routes may, however, be useful for other blends and merit consideration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-28
JournalAATCC Review
Volume5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Textile blends
Flax
Wool
Laccase
Lignin
Bleaching
Textile scouring
Pectins
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Polymer blends
Proteins
Degradation
Fibers
Temperature

Keywords

  • flax
  • laccase
  • pectinase
  • wool

Cite this

Sampaio, S., Shen, J., Bishop, D., Miettinen-Oinonen, A., & Tzanov, T. (2005). Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends. AATCC Review, 5(5), 23-28.
Sampaio, S. ; Shen, J. ; Bishop, D. ; Miettinen-Oinonen, Arja ; Tzanov, T. / Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends. In: AATCC Review. 2005 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 23-28.
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Sampaio, S, Shen, J, Bishop, D, Miettinen-Oinonen, A & Tzanov, T 2005, 'Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends', AATCC Review, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 23-28.

Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends. / Sampaio, S.; Shen, J.; Bishop, D.; Miettinen-Oinonen, Arja; Tzanov, T.

In: AATCC Review, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2005, p. 23-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends

AU - Sampaio, S.

AU - Shen, J.

AU - Bishop, D.

AU - Miettinen-Oinonen, Arja

AU - Tzanov, T.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Increased interest in flax/wool blends has led to the investigation of scouring and bleaching conditions that are less damaging to protein fibers than conventional flax preparation methods. Enzymatic scouring with pectinases was rather inefficient, probably because flax lignin protects the middle lamella pectins from enzymatic hydrolysis. Degradation of lignin with laccases, or laccase/mediator systems (either alone or in combination with enzymatic scouring) led to good whiteness after a single mild low-temperature bleaching. Unfortunately, the laccase systems were unsuitable for flax/wool blends because they caused irreversible staining of the wool component. These enzymatic preparation routes may, however, be useful for other blends and merit consideration.

AB - Increased interest in flax/wool blends has led to the investigation of scouring and bleaching conditions that are less damaging to protein fibers than conventional flax preparation methods. Enzymatic scouring with pectinases was rather inefficient, probably because flax lignin protects the middle lamella pectins from enzymatic hydrolysis. Degradation of lignin with laccases, or laccase/mediator systems (either alone or in combination with enzymatic scouring) led to good whiteness after a single mild low-temperature bleaching. Unfortunately, the laccase systems were unsuitable for flax/wool blends because they caused irreversible staining of the wool component. These enzymatic preparation routes may, however, be useful for other blends and merit consideration.

KW - flax

KW - laccase

KW - pectinase

KW - wool

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VL - 5

SP - 23

EP - 28

JO - AATCC Review

JF - AATCC Review

SN - 1532-8813

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Sampaio S, Shen J, Bishop D, Miettinen-Oinonen A, Tzanov T. Progress on enzymatic preparation of flax and flax/wool blends. AATCC Review. 2005;5(5):23-28.