Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging

Mika Aikio, Hannu Lindström, Eveliina Juntunen, Kari Kataja, Heimo Keränen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High speed imaging with decent image quality is difficult because the available exposure times are very short, which leads to the usage of a large aperture. Unfortunately, large aperture also decreases the depth resolution of the system, which reduces the quality of the image. Thus the source of illumination has to be able to output a high amount of energy in a very short time so that the aperture requirement can be relaxed. There are only a few Xenon flash lamps that fulfill the requirement of sub-microsecond pulses, so the natural choice would be to use lasers. However, when the target surface is rough, high degree of coherence causes black and white interference patterns known as speckle. The sensor might register irradiance values from zero to saturated state. Needless to say, this reduces drastically the quality of the image. There is variety of techniques for speckle removal, ranging from chaotic laser states to digital signal processing [1-5]. In this paper we discuss an alternative, namely LEDs, for this kind of illumination. The authors have performed some experiments and theoretical modeling, and successfully demonstrated an illumination system based on LEDs that can output enough energy to enable imaging with pulse lengths of 100 ns.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Engineering Materials
EditorsGuo Fan Jin, Wing Bun Lee, Chi Fai Cheung, Suet To
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherTrans Tech Publications
Pages827-831
Volume364-366
ISBN (Print)978-0-87849-458-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

Publication series

SeriesKey Engineering Materials
Volume364-366
ISSN1013-9826

Fingerprint

light emitting diodes
apertures
illumination
high speed
xenon lamps
flash lamps
requirements
output
registers
pulses
irradiance
lasers
signal processing
interference
energy
causes
sensors

Keywords

  • Pulsed LED illumination
  • high speed imaging
  • high driving current
  • sub microsecond pulsing
  • low duty-cycle

Cite this

Aikio, M., Lindström, H., Juntunen, E., Kataja, K., & Keränen, H. (2008). Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging. In G. F. Jin, W. B. Lee, C. F. Cheung, & S. To (Eds.), Key Engineering Materials (Vol. 364-366, pp. 827-831). Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications. Key Engineering Materials, Vol.. 364-366 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.364-366.827
Aikio, Mika ; Lindström, Hannu ; Juntunen, Eveliina ; Kataja, Kari ; Keränen, Heimo. / Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging. Key Engineering Materials. editor / Guo Fan Jin ; Wing Bun Lee ; Chi Fai Cheung ; Suet To. Vol. 364-366 Switzerland : Trans Tech Publications, 2008. pp. 827-831 (Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 364-366).
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Aikio, M, Lindström, H, Juntunen, E, Kataja, K & Keränen, H 2008, Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging. in GF Jin, WB Lee, CF Cheung & S To (eds), Key Engineering Materials. vol. 364-366, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 364-366, pp. 827-831. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.364-366.827

Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging. / Aikio, Mika; Lindström, Hannu; Juntunen, Eveliina; Kataja, Kari; Keränen, Heimo.

Key Engineering Materials. ed. / Guo Fan Jin; Wing Bun Lee; Chi Fai Cheung; Suet To. Vol. 364-366 Switzerland : Trans Tech Publications, 2008. p. 827-831 (Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 364-366).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

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T1 - Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging

AU - Aikio, Mika

AU - Lindström, Hannu

AU - Juntunen, Eveliina

AU - Kataja, Kari

AU - Keränen, Heimo

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - High speed imaging with decent image quality is difficult because the available exposure times are very short, which leads to the usage of a large aperture. Unfortunately, large aperture also decreases the depth resolution of the system, which reduces the quality of the image. Thus the source of illumination has to be able to output a high amount of energy in a very short time so that the aperture requirement can be relaxed. There are only a few Xenon flash lamps that fulfill the requirement of sub-microsecond pulses, so the natural choice would be to use lasers. However, when the target surface is rough, high degree of coherence causes black and white interference patterns known as speckle. The sensor might register irradiance values from zero to saturated state. Needless to say, this reduces drastically the quality of the image. There is variety of techniques for speckle removal, ranging from chaotic laser states to digital signal processing [1-5]. In this paper we discuss an alternative, namely LEDs, for this kind of illumination. The authors have performed some experiments and theoretical modeling, and successfully demonstrated an illumination system based on LEDs that can output enough energy to enable imaging with pulse lengths of 100 ns.

AB - High speed imaging with decent image quality is difficult because the available exposure times are very short, which leads to the usage of a large aperture. Unfortunately, large aperture also decreases the depth resolution of the system, which reduces the quality of the image. Thus the source of illumination has to be able to output a high amount of energy in a very short time so that the aperture requirement can be relaxed. There are only a few Xenon flash lamps that fulfill the requirement of sub-microsecond pulses, so the natural choice would be to use lasers. However, when the target surface is rough, high degree of coherence causes black and white interference patterns known as speckle. The sensor might register irradiance values from zero to saturated state. Needless to say, this reduces drastically the quality of the image. There is variety of techniques for speckle removal, ranging from chaotic laser states to digital signal processing [1-5]. In this paper we discuss an alternative, namely LEDs, for this kind of illumination. The authors have performed some experiments and theoretical modeling, and successfully demonstrated an illumination system based on LEDs that can output enough energy to enable imaging with pulse lengths of 100 ns.

KW - Pulsed LED illumination

KW - high speed imaging

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KW - sub microsecond pulsing

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M3 - Chapter or book article

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VL - 364-366

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A2 - Lee, Wing Bun

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PB - Trans Tech Publications

CY - Switzerland

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Aikio M, Lindström H, Juntunen E, Kataja K, Keränen H. Pulsed LED illumination for high speed imaging. In Jin GF, Lee WB, Cheung CF, To S, editors, Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 364-366. Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications. 2008. p. 827-831. (Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 364-366). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.364-366.827