Quantitative Mid-Infrared Plasmonic Biosensing on Scalable Graphene Nanostructures

Nestor Jr Bareza, Ewelina Wajs (Corresponding Author), Bruno Paulillo (Corresponding Author), Antti Tullila, Hannakaisa Jaatinen, Roberto Milani, Camilla Dore, Agustin Mihi, Tarja K. Nevanen, Valerio Pruneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Graphene nanostructures, exhibiting tunable and nanoscale-confined mid-infrared (mid-IR) plasmons, prevail as a powerful spectroscopic platform for novel surface-enhanced molecular identification. Particularly, graphene shows exciting opportunities for biosensing applications due to its versatile functionalization methods with different biomolecular building blocks (e.g., enzymes, proteins, and DNA). Here, a quantitative bioassay based on the mid-IR localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) modulation in functionalized graphene nanostructures is demonstrated. Specifically, vitamin B12 (vB12) using the specific recognition elements on modified graphene nanoribbons (i.e., pyrene linkers via π − π stacking + anti-vB12 antibody fragments via amide bond) is detected. Different concentrations of vB12 spotted on an arrayed panel of a single chip are quantified by the graphene LSPR shifts, where a limit of detection (LOD) of 53.5 ng mL−1 is obtained. The upscaling potential of the bioassay using large area nanostructured graphene films produced by nanoimprinting 2D hole arrays is illustrated. The integration of quantitative bioassay with scalable graphene nanostructures shows promising routes of graphene-based mid-IR platforms toward prospective industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2201699
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • antibody
  • graphene plasmonics
  • graphene sensor
  • mid-infrared biosensor
  • vitamin B


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