Radar visibility estimation for radar reflectors

Seppo Horsmanheimo, Wenche Backman, Lotta Tuomimäki, Jari Hautio, Arto Hujanen, Hans Toivanen, Jorma Rytkönen, Risto Joro

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional


    Construction and maintenance of fairways in Finland requires extra caution due to closely-spaced islands, narrow and shallow passages and demanding winter conditions. Therefore, a special authority, the Finnish Maritime Administration (FMA) has been assigned the responsibility of keeping fairways open and safe. Its continuing work for maritime safety has led Finland to the top position in this field. In the past few years, FMA and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have put effort on developing optimal radar reflectors for aids to navigation. In this article we present the different phases of the development process as well as the key results. The study relies on computational modelling.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)24-27
    JournalIALA Bulletin
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeD1 Article in a trade journal


    • baltic sea
    • safety
    • navigation
    • aids to navigation
    • AtoN
    • fairway markings
    • radar reflector


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