Radiative forcing caused by anthropogenic greenhouse-gas emission histories of the Nordic countries

Jukka Sinisalo, Ilkka Savolainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Estimates for anthropogenic CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O and fossil CO{sub 2} emissions in the past are constructed for the Nordic countries, and their impact on the global radiative forcing is calculated. Radiative forcing describes the change in the radiation energy budget of the Earth, and it can be used as a measure of the greenhouse impact of the emissions. The Nordic contribution to the atmospheric concentration changes is computed on the basis of the estimated emission histories. The radiative forcing due to anthropogenic CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O emissions in the Nordic countries is increasing. In the past it was caused mainly by CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O emissions from agriculture, but presently CO{sub 2} emissions from the use of fossil fuels dominate. The radiative forcing per capita caused by Nordic countries is higher than the global average. It is very likely that this radiative forcing caused by the Nordic countries will continue to increase in coming decades.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-190
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Cite this