Radiative forcing due to greenhouse gas emissions and sinks in Finland

Estimating the control potential

Ilkka Savolainen (Corresponding Author), Jukka Sinisalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The developed REFUGE computer model is used to assess radiative forcing due to man-induced CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions in Finland. Both the emission history and assumed future control scenarios for emissions and forest carbon sink are considered. CO2 emissions from the use of the fossil fuels cause most of the radiative forcing due to human activities in Finland. Other important contributors to radiative forcing are N2O emissions from agriculture and transportation as well as CH4 emissions from animal husbandry and waste disposal. Radiative forcing in the year 1990 due to the considered Finnish emissions is estimated to be ∼ 3 mW/m2, which is ∼ 0.15% of global radiative forcing (the population of Finland is ∼ 0.09% of the Earth's population). Radiative forcing due to emissions resulting from human activities in Finland is increasing, and due to the slow change rates in emission producing activities and the slow removal of CO2 and N2O from the atmosphere, it seems unlikely that radiative forcing will be reduced in the next century to below the 1990 level using emission control. A remarkable additional measure in the control of radiative forcing due to activities in Finland might be to increase carbon storage in the forest ecosystem for some decades and to maintain this storage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume151
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

radiative forcing
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
greenhouse gas
Carbon
Emission control
Fossil fuels
Waste disposal
Ecosystems
Agriculture
Animals
Earth (planet)
human activity
animal husbandry
carbon sink
emission control
waste disposal
carbon sequestration
forest ecosystem
fossil fuel

Cite this

@article{f676985800304b358042cc309083b965,
title = "Radiative forcing due to greenhouse gas emissions and sinks in Finland: Estimating the control potential",
abstract = "The developed REFUGE computer model is used to assess radiative forcing due to man-induced CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions in Finland. Both the emission history and assumed future control scenarios for emissions and forest carbon sink are considered. CO2 emissions from the use of the fossil fuels cause most of the radiative forcing due to human activities in Finland. Other important contributors to radiative forcing are N2O emissions from agriculture and transportation as well as CH4 emissions from animal husbandry and waste disposal. Radiative forcing in the year 1990 due to the considered Finnish emissions is estimated to be ∼ 3 mW/m2, which is ∼ 0.15{\%} of global radiative forcing (the population of Finland is ∼ 0.09{\%} of the Earth's population). Radiative forcing due to emissions resulting from human activities in Finland is increasing, and due to the slow change rates in emission producing activities and the slow removal of CO2 and N2O from the atmosphere, it seems unlikely that radiative forcing will be reduced in the next century to below the 1990 level using emission control. A remarkable additional measure in the control of radiative forcing due to activities in Finland might be to increase carbon storage in the forest ecosystem for some decades and to maintain this storage.",
author = "Ilkka Savolainen and Jukka Sinisalo",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1016/0048-9697(94)90485-5",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "47--57",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Radiative forcing due to greenhouse gas emissions and sinks in Finland : Estimating the control potential. / Savolainen, Ilkka (Corresponding Author); Sinisalo, Jukka.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 151, No. 1, 1994, p. 47-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radiative forcing due to greenhouse gas emissions and sinks in Finland

T2 - Estimating the control potential

AU - Savolainen, Ilkka

AU - Sinisalo, Jukka

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The developed REFUGE computer model is used to assess radiative forcing due to man-induced CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions in Finland. Both the emission history and assumed future control scenarios for emissions and forest carbon sink are considered. CO2 emissions from the use of the fossil fuels cause most of the radiative forcing due to human activities in Finland. Other important contributors to radiative forcing are N2O emissions from agriculture and transportation as well as CH4 emissions from animal husbandry and waste disposal. Radiative forcing in the year 1990 due to the considered Finnish emissions is estimated to be ∼ 3 mW/m2, which is ∼ 0.15% of global radiative forcing (the population of Finland is ∼ 0.09% of the Earth's population). Radiative forcing due to emissions resulting from human activities in Finland is increasing, and due to the slow change rates in emission producing activities and the slow removal of CO2 and N2O from the atmosphere, it seems unlikely that radiative forcing will be reduced in the next century to below the 1990 level using emission control. A remarkable additional measure in the control of radiative forcing due to activities in Finland might be to increase carbon storage in the forest ecosystem for some decades and to maintain this storage.

AB - The developed REFUGE computer model is used to assess radiative forcing due to man-induced CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions in Finland. Both the emission history and assumed future control scenarios for emissions and forest carbon sink are considered. CO2 emissions from the use of the fossil fuels cause most of the radiative forcing due to human activities in Finland. Other important contributors to radiative forcing are N2O emissions from agriculture and transportation as well as CH4 emissions from animal husbandry and waste disposal. Radiative forcing in the year 1990 due to the considered Finnish emissions is estimated to be ∼ 3 mW/m2, which is ∼ 0.15% of global radiative forcing (the population of Finland is ∼ 0.09% of the Earth's population). Radiative forcing due to emissions resulting from human activities in Finland is increasing, and due to the slow change rates in emission producing activities and the slow removal of CO2 and N2O from the atmosphere, it seems unlikely that radiative forcing will be reduced in the next century to below the 1990 level using emission control. A remarkable additional measure in the control of radiative forcing due to activities in Finland might be to increase carbon storage in the forest ecosystem for some decades and to maintain this storage.

U2 - 10.1016/0048-9697(94)90485-5

DO - 10.1016/0048-9697(94)90485-5

M3 - Article

VL - 151

SP - 47

EP - 57

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

IS - 1

ER -