Radical innovation by theoretical abstraction: A challenge for the user-centred designer

Mikael Wahlström (Corresponding Author), Hannu Karvonen, Leena Norros, Jussi P. P. Jokinen, Hanna Koskinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    It is generally accepted that scientific disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology contribute beneficially to design by providing understanding of users' needs, experiences, and desires. Arguably, however, these disciplines have more to contribute, because they include theories and models that can be applied as design frames and principles. More specifically, goal-setting, visualization, thematization, and conceptual reconfiguration are general mechanisms through which theories translate into design contributions. Actualizing radical design solutions via these mechanisms is discussed: theories provide appropriate means of abstraction, which allows 'distance' from user data; departure from the existing design and user paradigms toward 'what has not yet been imagined' is thereby possible. These suggestions draw from and are exemplified by a ship bridge design case.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)857-877
    JournalThe Design Journal
    Volume19
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Innovation
    Designer
    Ships
    Visualization

    Keywords

    • case study
    • design knowledge
    • design theory
    • framing
    • social theory

    Cite this

    @article{7dcb001a0dff44bd9a39c2ae7960eb8f,
    title = "Radical innovation by theoretical abstraction: A challenge for the user-centred designer",
    abstract = "It is generally accepted that scientific disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology contribute beneficially to design by providing understanding of users' needs, experiences, and desires. Arguably, however, these disciplines have more to contribute, because they include theories and models that can be applied as design frames and principles. More specifically, goal-setting, visualization, thematization, and conceptual reconfiguration are general mechanisms through which theories translate into design contributions. Actualizing radical design solutions via these mechanisms is discussed: theories provide appropriate means of abstraction, which allows 'distance' from user data; departure from the existing design and user paradigms toward 'what has not yet been imagined' is thereby possible. These suggestions draw from and are exemplified by a ship bridge design case.",
    keywords = "case study, design knowledge, design theory, framing, social theory",
    author = "Mikael Wahlstr{\"o}m and Hannu Karvonen and Leena Norros and Jokinen, {Jussi P. P.} and Hanna Koskinen",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1080/14606925.2016.1216210",
    language = "English",
    volume = "19",
    pages = "857--877",
    journal = "The Design Journal",
    issn = "1460-6925",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "6",

    }

    Radical innovation by theoretical abstraction : A challenge for the user-centred designer. / Wahlström, Mikael (Corresponding Author); Karvonen, Hannu; Norros, Leena; Jokinen, Jussi P. P.; Koskinen, Hanna.

    In: The Design Journal, Vol. 19, No. 6, 2016, p. 857-877.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Radical innovation by theoretical abstraction

    T2 - A challenge for the user-centred designer

    AU - Wahlström, Mikael

    AU - Karvonen, Hannu

    AU - Norros, Leena

    AU - Jokinen, Jussi P. P.

    AU - Koskinen, Hanna

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - It is generally accepted that scientific disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology contribute beneficially to design by providing understanding of users' needs, experiences, and desires. Arguably, however, these disciplines have more to contribute, because they include theories and models that can be applied as design frames and principles. More specifically, goal-setting, visualization, thematization, and conceptual reconfiguration are general mechanisms through which theories translate into design contributions. Actualizing radical design solutions via these mechanisms is discussed: theories provide appropriate means of abstraction, which allows 'distance' from user data; departure from the existing design and user paradigms toward 'what has not yet been imagined' is thereby possible. These suggestions draw from and are exemplified by a ship bridge design case.

    AB - It is generally accepted that scientific disciplines such as psychology, sociology, and anthropology contribute beneficially to design by providing understanding of users' needs, experiences, and desires. Arguably, however, these disciplines have more to contribute, because they include theories and models that can be applied as design frames and principles. More specifically, goal-setting, visualization, thematization, and conceptual reconfiguration are general mechanisms through which theories translate into design contributions. Actualizing radical design solutions via these mechanisms is discussed: theories provide appropriate means of abstraction, which allows 'distance' from user data; departure from the existing design and user paradigms toward 'what has not yet been imagined' is thereby possible. These suggestions draw from and are exemplified by a ship bridge design case.

    KW - case study

    KW - design knowledge

    KW - design theory

    KW - framing

    KW - social theory

    U2 - 10.1080/14606925.2016.1216210

    DO - 10.1080/14606925.2016.1216210

    M3 - Article

    VL - 19

    SP - 857

    EP - 877

    JO - The Design Journal

    JF - The Design Journal

    SN - 1460-6925

    IS - 6

    ER -