Reaction pathways during oxidation of cereal β-glucans

Noora Mäkelä (Corresponding Author), Tuula Sontag-Strohm, Sonja Schiehser, Antje Potthast, Hannu Maaheimo, Ndegwa H. Maina

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    Oxidation of cereal β-glucans may affect their stability in food products. Generally, polysaccharides oxidise via different pathways leading to chain cleavage or formation of oxidised groups within the polymer chain. In this study, oxidation pathways of oat and barley β-glucans were assessed with different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or ascorbic acid (Asc) with ferrous iron (Fe2+) as a catalyst. Degradation of β-glucans was evaluated using high performance size exclusion chromatography and formation of carbonyl groups using carbazole-9-carbonyloxyamine labelling. Furthermore, oxidative degradation of glucosyl residues was studied. Based on the results, the oxidation with Asc mainly resulted in glycosidic bond cleavage. With H2O2, both glycosidic bond cleavage and formation of carbonyl groups within the β-glucan chain was found. Moreover, H2O2 oxidation led to production of formic acid, which was proposed to result from Ruff degradation where oxidised glucose (gluconic acid) is decarboxylated to form arabinose.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1769-1776
    Number of pages8
    JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Ascorbic acid
    • Formic acid
    • Hydrogen peroxide
    • Oxidation
    • β-Glucan


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