Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification

Antero Moilanen, López Hernández Eva, Esa Kurkela

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Pressurised biomass gasification systems have promising prospects in the IGCC application and in large scale production of liquid fuels based on Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process. Many biomass fuels, especially those originated from agriculture, contain high amounts of alkali metals that can cause bed sintering and fouling problems in gasifiers and downstream gas lines. In planning suitable gasification conditions for these high-alkali feedstocks, it is essential to know the ash sintering behaviour and, as well, the reactivity of the char. The characterisation method based on thermogravimetry consists on simultaneous determination of both parameters. The basis of the conditions selected is the temperature range from 750-850C and pressure mainly 5 bar, but also pressures from 1 to 10 bar. The reactivity results obtained for the different biomasses indicate a great scattering in their gasification behaviour. In what concerns to pressure effect in the gasification process, there is no rule to follow about reaction rate, meanwhile it was proved that the ash sintering is enhanced at higher pressure conditions. Some biomass fuels showed a slow decrease in weight at 1 bar due to volatilisation of potassium chloride, which was not observed at higher pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition
Place of PublicationFlorence
Pages1021-1023
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 7 May 200711 May 2007
Conference number: 15

Conference

Conference15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/05/0711/05/07

Fingerprint

Ashes
Gasification
Biomass
Sintering
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis
Pressure effects
Liquid fuels
Alkali metals
Fouling
Vaporization
Agriculture
Feedstocks
Reaction rates
Potassium
Thermogravimetric analysis
Scattering
Planning
Gases

Keywords

  • gasification
  • pressure
  • alkali volatilisation

Cite this

Moilanen, A., Eva, L. H., & Kurkela, E. (2007). Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification. In Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition (pp. 1021-1023). Florence.
Moilanen, Antero ; Eva, López Hernández ; Kurkela, Esa. / Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification. Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. Florence, 2007. pp. 1021-1023
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abstract = "Pressurised biomass gasification systems have promising prospects in the IGCC application and in large scale production of liquid fuels based on Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process. Many biomass fuels, especially those originated from agriculture, contain high amounts of alkali metals that can cause bed sintering and fouling problems in gasifiers and downstream gas lines. In planning suitable gasification conditions for these high-alkali feedstocks, it is essential to know the ash sintering behaviour and, as well, the reactivity of the char. The characterisation method based on thermogravimetry consists on simultaneous determination of both parameters. The basis of the conditions selected is the temperature range from 750-850C and pressure mainly 5 bar, but also pressures from 1 to 10 bar. The reactivity results obtained for the different biomasses indicate a great scattering in their gasification behaviour. In what concerns to pressure effect in the gasification process, there is no rule to follow about reaction rate, meanwhile it was proved that the ash sintering is enhanced at higher pressure conditions. Some biomass fuels showed a slow decrease in weight at 1 bar due to volatilisation of potassium chloride, which was not observed at higher pressure.",
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Moilanen, A, Eva, LH & Kurkela, E 2007, Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification. in Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. Florence, pp. 1021-1023, 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, 7/05/07.

Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification. / Moilanen, Antero; Eva, López Hernández; Kurkela, Esa.

Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. Florence, 2007. p. 1021-1023.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification

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AU - Kurkela, Esa

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N2 - Pressurised biomass gasification systems have promising prospects in the IGCC application and in large scale production of liquid fuels based on Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process. Many biomass fuels, especially those originated from agriculture, contain high amounts of alkali metals that can cause bed sintering and fouling problems in gasifiers and downstream gas lines. In planning suitable gasification conditions for these high-alkali feedstocks, it is essential to know the ash sintering behaviour and, as well, the reactivity of the char. The characterisation method based on thermogravimetry consists on simultaneous determination of both parameters. The basis of the conditions selected is the temperature range from 750-850C and pressure mainly 5 bar, but also pressures from 1 to 10 bar. The reactivity results obtained for the different biomasses indicate a great scattering in their gasification behaviour. In what concerns to pressure effect in the gasification process, there is no rule to follow about reaction rate, meanwhile it was proved that the ash sintering is enhanced at higher pressure conditions. Some biomass fuels showed a slow decrease in weight at 1 bar due to volatilisation of potassium chloride, which was not observed at higher pressure.

AB - Pressurised biomass gasification systems have promising prospects in the IGCC application and in large scale production of liquid fuels based on Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process. Many biomass fuels, especially those originated from agriculture, contain high amounts of alkali metals that can cause bed sintering and fouling problems in gasifiers and downstream gas lines. In planning suitable gasification conditions for these high-alkali feedstocks, it is essential to know the ash sintering behaviour and, as well, the reactivity of the char. The characterisation method based on thermogravimetry consists on simultaneous determination of both parameters. The basis of the conditions selected is the temperature range from 750-850C and pressure mainly 5 bar, but also pressures from 1 to 10 bar. The reactivity results obtained for the different biomasses indicate a great scattering in their gasification behaviour. In what concerns to pressure effect in the gasification process, there is no rule to follow about reaction rate, meanwhile it was proved that the ash sintering is enhanced at higher pressure conditions. Some biomass fuels showed a slow decrease in weight at 1 bar due to volatilisation of potassium chloride, which was not observed at higher pressure.

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Moilanen A, Eva LH, Kurkela E. Reactivity and ash sintering characterisation of high-alkali agro-biomass fuels for pressurised gasification. In Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition. Florence. 2007. p. 1021-1023