The objective of this report is to provide a general
overview of the current state of urban planning, energy
systems, water and waste management, transportation
planning and raising general awareness. One objective is
also to provide some general information about what the
EcoCity concept means in the Egyptian context. Some case
examples are given in order to give an idea of the
practical conditions on the ground.
An EcoCity essentially has high ecological quality, but
at the same time it is technologically sophisticated and
modern. The attempts to build an EcoCity so far have been
based on optimization of different sectors or
technologies, and thus they are a compromise between the
high-level targets and the present level of design.
However, there is not just one EcoCity concept but a
variety of possibilities that need to be adjusted to fit
the local context, local culture and local economic
realities. This is the way to achieve a possible solution
with regard to the local resources, but at the same time
to meet the high goals set for an EcoCity. High-tech
solutions are one way to the EcoCity, but they are not
the only goal of an EcoCity.
The main elements of an EcoCity are a dense city
structure, clean energy production, minimal energy
consumption, sustainable transport solutions, ecological
water and waste solutions and the inclusion of social
In Egypt the biggest challenges in terms of EcoCities
concern transportation. Bigger cities have big problems
with too many private cars and the lack of functioning
public transportation systems.
Water resources are scarce in Egypt, and they have
therefore to be given special focus when planning
sustainable city structures. There is a high level of
know-how about water handling systems. The main
challenges are in finding investments for the solutions.
As regards energy, there is a major saving potential in
terms of electricity usage. Regarding renewable sources,
the biggest potential is in solar energy.
To achieve sustainable cities, focus must also be put on
awareness-raising activities and on developing governance
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||94|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
- city planning
- renewable energy