Recommended practices for wind integration studies

Hannele Holttinen, Mark O'Malley, Michael Milligan, J. C. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Many wind integration studies have been performed in recent years, with evolving methodologies. Since power systems and data availability vary significantly, the results and methodologies used in these studies have varied accordingly. This paper presents the main findings from the IEA WIND Recommended Practices for Wind Integration studies. An overview of a complete wind integration study is presented as a flow chart. The main simulation steps are presented with recommendations on methodologies: an increase in reserve requirements, estimating impacts on other generation and balancing, capacity value of wind power and transmission expansion due to wind power. The study set-up and the main assumptions are outlined, as they can have a critical impact on the results. The recommendations are applicable for other variable renewable sources, including photovoltaics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publicationIEEE PES General Meeting, Conference & Exposition, 2014
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-6415-4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE PES General Meeting, Conference & Exposition - National Harbor, MD, United States
Duration: 27 Jul 201431 Jul 2014


ConferenceIEEE PES General Meeting, Conference & Exposition
Abbreviated titleIEEE PES
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNational Harbor, MD


  • wind energy
  • power generation dispatch
  • load flow
  • power system stability
  • power transmission


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