Recycling the wood originated ash from pulp and paper industry as forest fertilizer - a case study in Finland

Tuulikki Lindh, Samuli Rinne, Saara Isännäinen, Kirsi Korpijärvi, Teuvo Paappanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


The needs for development in the chain of ash utilization for fores fertilizers in Finland was studied in this case study. It included the identification of difficult stages in the ash recycling process and potential solution for decreasing/elimination of these difficulties. The ash utilizing process has been developd in the municipality of Eno in Northern Karelia, in Eastern Finland, there ash from the bark boiler of Stora Enso's Enocell Pulp mills has been granulated at the Enotuhka Oy's granulation plant, which started operation in 1997. VTT Processes has implemented the case study. Some general barriers and suggestions for promoting actions for using wood ash for a forest fertilizer in Finland are presented in this paper.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegular recycling of wood ash to prevent waste production
Subtitle of host publicationRecAsh – A Life-environment demonstration project. Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventRecAsh International Seminar - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 8 Nov 20059 Nov 2005


SeminarRecAsh International Seminar
CountryCzech Republic
OtherRecAsh – A Life-environment demonstration project

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