Reduction of natural gas engine emissions using catalysts

Kati Lehtoranta, Hannu Vesala, Timo Murtonen, Jenni Alanen, Mia Isotalo, Sampsa Martikainen, Topi Rönkkö, Sanna Saarikoski

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

Abstract

In order to diminish the environmental and health effects and to comply with tightening emission limits, exhaust after-treatment systems are going to be increasingly utilized also in the natural gas engine applications. In this work, we study both oxidation catalyst and se-lective catalytic reduction systems to solve how the catalysts influence on e.g. hydrocar-bons, NOx and particles existing in natural gas engine exhaust. A passenger car engine modified to run with natural gas was used in a laboratory research facility equipped with a possibility to modify the exhaust gas properties. In addition, the role of lubricating oil on the emission formation was also studied. When using selective catalytic reduction, high NOx reductions were observed. To oxidize methane a highly efficient oxidation catalyst was needed while other hydrocarbons were more easily oxidized. Catalyst systems were found to have significant effects on particulate emission also. Especially at high exhaust tem-peratures, high nanoparticle concentrations were observed downstream of the catalysts. Changing the lubricating oil was also found to have an effect on the particle emission.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event12th Dessau Gas Engine Conference - Dessau-Rosslau, Germany
Duration: 11 Apr 201912 Apr 2019
https://www.wtz.de/gasmotorenkonferenz/en/

Conference

Conference12th Dessau Gas Engine Conference
CountryGermany
CityDessau-Rosslau
Period11/04/1912/04/19
Internet address

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Lehtoranta, K., Vesala, H., Murtonen, T., Alanen, J., Isotalo, M., Martikainen, S., Rönkkö, T., & Saarikoski, S. (2019). Reduction of natural gas engine emissions using catalysts. Paper presented at 12th Dessau Gas Engine Conference , Dessau-Rosslau, Germany.