Reflector posts

Signs of danger?

Veli-Pekka Kallberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reflector posts are meant to increase optical guidance and help drivers see the road alignment ahead so that they can prepare for the driving task to come. It is often assumed that the additional visual cues provided by reflector posts also promote traffic safety. An experimental study on the effects of reflector posts was carried out on two-lane rural highways in Finland. On roads with 80-km/hr speed limits and relatively low geometric standards, the reflector posts increased driving speeds in darkness. The largest detected increases were 5 to 10 km/hr. The number of injury accidents in darkness increased by 40 to 60%. On roads with better geometric standards and 100-km/hr speed limits, the effects on driving behavior and accidents were small. The results indicate that reflector posts on narrow, curvy, and hilly roads can significantly increase driving speeds and accidents in darkness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57 - 66
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number1403
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Kallberg, V-P. (1993). Reflector posts: Signs of danger? Transportation Research Record, (1403), 57 - 66.
Kallberg, Veli-Pekka. / Reflector posts : Signs of danger?. In: Transportation Research Record. 1993 ; No. 1403. pp. 57 - 66.
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title = "Reflector posts: Signs of danger?",
abstract = "Reflector posts are meant to increase optical guidance and help drivers see the road alignment ahead so that they can prepare for the driving task to come. It is often assumed that the additional visual cues provided by reflector posts also promote traffic safety. An experimental study on the effects of reflector posts was carried out on two-lane rural highways in Finland. On roads with 80-km/hr speed limits and relatively low geometric standards, the reflector posts increased driving speeds in darkness. The largest detected increases were 5 to 10 km/hr. The number of injury accidents in darkness increased by 40 to 60{\%}. On roads with better geometric standards and 100-km/hr speed limits, the effects on driving behavior and accidents were small. The results indicate that reflector posts on narrow, curvy, and hilly roads can significantly increase driving speeds and accidents in darkness.",
author = "Veli-Pekka Kallberg",
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Kallberg, V-P 1993, 'Reflector posts: Signs of danger?', Transportation Research Record, no. 1403, pp. 57 - 66.

Reflector posts : Signs of danger? / Kallberg, Veli-Pekka.

In: Transportation Research Record, No. 1403, 1993, p. 57 - 66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T2 - Signs of danger?

AU - Kallberg, Veli-Pekka

N1 - Project code: TGL0708

PY - 1993

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AB - Reflector posts are meant to increase optical guidance and help drivers see the road alignment ahead so that they can prepare for the driving task to come. It is often assumed that the additional visual cues provided by reflector posts also promote traffic safety. An experimental study on the effects of reflector posts was carried out on two-lane rural highways in Finland. On roads with 80-km/hr speed limits and relatively low geometric standards, the reflector posts increased driving speeds in darkness. The largest detected increases were 5 to 10 km/hr. The number of injury accidents in darkness increased by 40 to 60%. On roads with better geometric standards and 100-km/hr speed limits, the effects on driving behavior and accidents were small. The results indicate that reflector posts on narrow, curvy, and hilly roads can significantly increase driving speeds and accidents in darkness.

M3 - Article

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JO - Transportation Research Record

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SN - 0361-1981

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