Reframing Smart City in Sub-Saharan Africa: Inclusive engagement approach and co-design tools for a developing economy

Virpi Oksman, Mika Raunio, Disney Andreas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Sub-Saharan African communities face an urgent need for affordable housing, new working and learning environments, and new technologies to support sustainable development. This paper reframes the Smart City concept in the Sub-Saharan African context and provides insights to the main research questions: 1. How can inclusive engagement process for Smart Community enhanced in an African context? 2. What kinds of information and communication technology (ICT) tools can support such processes? We conducted a focus group study in Keetmanshoop, the Karas region in Southern Namibia. In addition, we interviewed eleven urban planning stakeholders about the urban development situation and participatory urban planning in Namibia. The study confirmed the view according to which participatory model and engagement of people is beneficial approach for the urban development. In terms of transparency and people having a voice in the process, the quality of urban development may be seen improved in terms of “building communities” with feeling of ownership from the community rather just than building houses for those in need.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)245-256
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems
    Volume11
    Issue number3/4
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    urban development
    urban planning
    affordable housing
    information and communication technology
    transparency
    ownership
    sustainable development
    stakeholder
    learning
    smart city
    Africa
    economy
    need
    new technology

    Keywords

    • virtual reality
    • smart City
    • co-creation
    • Africa
    • developing economis
    • citizen-centric

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Sub-Saharan African communities face an urgent need for affordable housing, new working and learning environments, and new technologies to support sustainable development. This paper reframes the Smart City concept in the Sub-Saharan African context and provides insights to the main research questions: 1. How can inclusive engagement process for Smart Community enhanced in an African context? 2. What kinds of information and communication technology (ICT) tools can support such processes? We conducted a focus group study in Keetmanshoop, the Karas region in Southern Namibia. In addition, we interviewed eleven urban planning stakeholders about the urban development situation and participatory urban planning in Namibia. The study confirmed the view according to which participatory model and engagement of people is beneficial approach for the urban development. In terms of transparency and people having a voice in the process, the quality of urban development may be seen improved in terms of “building communities” with feeling of ownership from the community rather just than building houses for those in need.",
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    Reframing Smart City in Sub-Saharan Africa : Inclusive engagement approach and co-design tools for a developing economy. / Oksman, Virpi; Raunio, Mika; Andreas, Disney.

    In: International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems, Vol. 11, No. 3/4, 12.12.2018, p. 245-256.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Raunio, Mika

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    AB - Sub-Saharan African communities face an urgent need for affordable housing, new working and learning environments, and new technologies to support sustainable development. This paper reframes the Smart City concept in the Sub-Saharan African context and provides insights to the main research questions: 1. How can inclusive engagement process for Smart Community enhanced in an African context? 2. What kinds of information and communication technology (ICT) tools can support such processes? We conducted a focus group study in Keetmanshoop, the Karas region in Southern Namibia. In addition, we interviewed eleven urban planning stakeholders about the urban development situation and participatory urban planning in Namibia. The study confirmed the view according to which participatory model and engagement of people is beneficial approach for the urban development. In terms of transparency and people having a voice in the process, the quality of urban development may be seen improved in terms of “building communities” with feeling of ownership from the community rather just than building houses for those in need.

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