Registered Nurses' and Medical Doctors' Experiences of Patient Safety in Health Information Exchange during Interorganizational Care Transitions: A Qualitative Review

Piia Hyvämäki (Corresponding Author), Maria Kääriäinen, Anna Maria Tuomikoski, Minna Pikkarainen, Miia Jansson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective This systematic review aimed to identify, critically appraise, and synthesize the best available literature on registered nurses' and medical doctors' experiences of patient safety in health information exchange (HIE) during interorganizational care transitions. Methods The review was conducted according to the JBI methodology for systematic reviews of qualitative evidence. A total of 5 multidisciplinary databases were searched from January 2010 to September 2020 to identify qualitative or mixed methods studies. The qualitative findings were pooled using JBI SUMARI with the meta-aggregation approach. Results The final review included 6 original studies. The 53 distinct findings were aggregated into 9 categories, which were further merged into 3 synthesized findings: (1) HIE efficiency and accuracy support patient safety during interorganizational care transitions; (2) inaccuracies in content and structure, along with poor HIE usability, jeopardize patient safety during interorganizational care transitions; and (3) health care professionals' (HCP) actions in HIE are associated with patient safety during interorganizational care transitions. Conclusions The results of this review identified several advantages of HIE, namely, improvements in patient safety based on reduced human error. Nevertheless, a lack of usability and functionality can amplify the effects of human error and increase the risk of adverse events. In addition, HCPs' individual actions in HIE were found to influence patient safety. Hence, the cognitive and sociotechnical perspectives of work related to HIE should be studied. In addition, HCPs' experiences of each stage of HIE deployment should be clarified to ensure a high standard of patient safety. Registration: PROSPERO CRD42020220631, registered on November 13, 2020.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-224
JournalJournal of Patient Safety
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Keywords

  • health care professional
  • health information exchange
  • human factor
  • patient safety
  • qualitative
  • Health Information Exchange
  • Humans
  • Nurses
  • Patient Safety
  • Systematic Reviews as Topic
  • Qualitative Research
  • Patient Transfer

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