Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Drawing on Peircean philosophy, this paper argues that shared situation awareness and decision making can be viewed as a process consisting of ‘semiosis’ or ‘perception-action cycles’: action is derived from perception of a ‘sign’ while each course of action implies meaningful basis for further action. Method: We analysed observation data of an accident rehearsal in a metro traffic control centre. The method includes interpretation of how courses of action are linked to each other and to situation awareness; it provides an overall description of how situation awareness is constructed in activity. Results and discussion: The process of creating situation awareness was heavily mediated; several individuals were needed for conveying knowledge from the scene of accident to the emergency response. The overall interaction pattern is explainable with the division of tasks in the control centre. The results point to practical ideas on how to streamline the flow of communication.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013
EditorsH. Chaudet, L. Pellegrin, N. Bonnardel
Place of PublicationParis, France
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making 2013 - Marseille, France
Duration: 22 May 201324 May 2013

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making 2013
Abbreviated titleNDM 2013
CountryFrance
CityMarseille
Period22/05/1324/05/13

Fingerprint

accident
decision making
communication
major accident
analysis
interpretation method
method
traffic control

Keywords

  • Situation awareness
  • transportation
  • accident management
  • metro traffic control
  • interaction analysis

Cite this

Wahlström, M., Karvonen, H., & Norros, L. (2013). Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness. In H. Chaudet, L. Pellegrin, & N. Bonnardel (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013 Paris, France.
Wahlström, Mikael ; Karvonen, Hannu ; Norros, Leena. / Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013. editor / H. Chaudet ; L. Pellegrin ; N. Bonnardel. Paris, France, 2013.
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abstract = "Introduction: Drawing on Peircean philosophy, this paper argues that shared situation awareness and decision making can be viewed as a process consisting of ‘semiosis’ or ‘perception-action cycles’: action is derived from perception of a ‘sign’ while each course of action implies meaningful basis for further action. Method: We analysed observation data of an accident rehearsal in a metro traffic control centre. The method includes interpretation of how courses of action are linked to each other and to situation awareness; it provides an overall description of how situation awareness is constructed in activity. Results and discussion: The process of creating situation awareness was heavily mediated; several individuals were needed for conveying knowledge from the scene of accident to the emergency response. The overall interaction pattern is explainable with the division of tasks in the control centre. The results point to practical ideas on how to streamline the flow of communication.",
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Wahlström, M, Karvonen, H & Norros, L 2013, Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness. in H Chaudet, L Pellegrin & N Bonnardel (eds), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013. Paris, France, International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making 2013, Marseille, France, 22/05/13.

Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness. / Wahlström, Mikael; Karvonen, Hannu; Norros, Leena.

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013. ed. / H. Chaudet; L. Pellegrin; N. Bonnardel. Paris, France, 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness

AU - Wahlström, Mikael

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N2 - Introduction: Drawing on Peircean philosophy, this paper argues that shared situation awareness and decision making can be viewed as a process consisting of ‘semiosis’ or ‘perception-action cycles’: action is derived from perception of a ‘sign’ while each course of action implies meaningful basis for further action. Method: We analysed observation data of an accident rehearsal in a metro traffic control centre. The method includes interpretation of how courses of action are linked to each other and to situation awareness; it provides an overall description of how situation awareness is constructed in activity. Results and discussion: The process of creating situation awareness was heavily mediated; several individuals were needed for conveying knowledge from the scene of accident to the emergency response. The overall interaction pattern is explainable with the division of tasks in the control centre. The results point to practical ideas on how to streamline the flow of communication.

AB - Introduction: Drawing on Peircean philosophy, this paper argues that shared situation awareness and decision making can be viewed as a process consisting of ‘semiosis’ or ‘perception-action cycles’: action is derived from perception of a ‘sign’ while each course of action implies meaningful basis for further action. Method: We analysed observation data of an accident rehearsal in a metro traffic control centre. The method includes interpretation of how courses of action are linked to each other and to situation awareness; it provides an overall description of how situation awareness is constructed in activity. Results and discussion: The process of creating situation awareness was heavily mediated; several individuals were needed for conveying knowledge from the scene of accident to the emergency response. The overall interaction pattern is explainable with the division of tasks in the control centre. The results point to practical ideas on how to streamline the flow of communication.

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KW - interaction analysis

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BT - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013

A2 - Chaudet, H.

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Wahlström M, Karvonen H, Norros L. Rehearsing for a Major Accident in a Metro Control Centre: A Naturalistic Analysis of Situation Awareness. In Chaudet H, Pellegrin L, Bonnardel N, editors, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM 2013), Marseille, France, 21-24 May 2013. Paris, France. 2013