Reheat cracking susceptibility and toughness of 2% CrMoWVNb P23 steel welds

Pekka Nevasmaa, Jorma Salonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article is concerned with weldability of P23 pipe steel, with emphasis on reheat cracking sensitivity and toughness of simulated HAZs and thick-section multipass welds. The results demonstrate that the weld metal made using the B323 filler metal closely matching to P23 steel is far more critical than the parent steel HAZ. In the as-welded condition, the B323 weld metal exhibited excessive hardness of ≈ 380 HV and only diminutive Charpy toughness of ≈ 7 J at + 20 °C. Adoption of PWHT (760 °C /2 h) enhanced the weldment toughness; however, it also inevitably raises risk to reheat cracking in the weld metal that showed reduction of area (RA) no more than 2–3% in the BWI cracking test. The results show that thick-section multipass welds made using filler metal with the chemical composition closer to P24 grade material are less susceptible to reheat cracking than matching P23 grade welds.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)68 - 78
    Number of pages11
    JournalWelding in the World
    Volume52
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Steel
    Toughness
    Welds
    Filler metals
    Metals
    Weldability
    Steel pipe
    Heat affected zone
    Hardness
    Chemical analysis

    Keywords

    • creep
    • cracking
    • defects
    • high temperature
    • low alloy steels
    • mechanical properties
    • microstructure
    • multirun welding
    • reheat cracking
    • steels temperature
    • toughness
    • weldability

    Cite this

    @article{8367ab55695e4101a0dfa44d617ebc60,
    title = "Reheat cracking susceptibility and toughness of 2{\%} CrMoWVNb P23 steel welds",
    abstract = "This article is concerned with weldability of P23 pipe steel, with emphasis on reheat cracking sensitivity and toughness of simulated HAZs and thick-section multipass welds. The results demonstrate that the weld metal made using the B323 filler metal closely matching to P23 steel is far more critical than the parent steel HAZ. In the as-welded condition, the B323 weld metal exhibited excessive hardness of ≈ 380 HV and only diminutive Charpy toughness of ≈ 7 J at + 20 °C. Adoption of PWHT (760 °C /2 h) enhanced the weldment toughness; however, it also inevitably raises risk to reheat cracking in the weld metal that showed reduction of area (RA) no more than 2–3{\%} in the BWI cracking test. The results show that thick-section multipass welds made using filler metal with the chemical composition closer to P24 grade material are less susceptible to reheat cracking than matching P23 grade welds.",
    keywords = "creep, cracking, defects, high temperature, low alloy steels, mechanical properties, microstructure, multirun welding, reheat cracking, steels temperature, toughness, weldability",
    author = "Pekka Nevasmaa and Jorma Salonen",
    year = "2008",
    doi = "10.1007/BF03266633",
    language = "English",
    volume = "52",
    pages = "68 -- 78",
    journal = "Welding in the World",
    issn = "0043-2288",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "3-4",

    }

    Reheat cracking susceptibility and toughness of 2% CrMoWVNb P23 steel welds. / Nevasmaa, Pekka; Salonen, Jorma.

    In: Welding in the World, Vol. 52, No. 3-4, 2008, p. 68 - 78.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Reheat cracking susceptibility and toughness of 2% CrMoWVNb P23 steel welds

    AU - Nevasmaa, Pekka

    AU - Salonen, Jorma

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - This article is concerned with weldability of P23 pipe steel, with emphasis on reheat cracking sensitivity and toughness of simulated HAZs and thick-section multipass welds. The results demonstrate that the weld metal made using the B323 filler metal closely matching to P23 steel is far more critical than the parent steel HAZ. In the as-welded condition, the B323 weld metal exhibited excessive hardness of ≈ 380 HV and only diminutive Charpy toughness of ≈ 7 J at + 20 °C. Adoption of PWHT (760 °C /2 h) enhanced the weldment toughness; however, it also inevitably raises risk to reheat cracking in the weld metal that showed reduction of area (RA) no more than 2–3% in the BWI cracking test. The results show that thick-section multipass welds made using filler metal with the chemical composition closer to P24 grade material are less susceptible to reheat cracking than matching P23 grade welds.

    AB - This article is concerned with weldability of P23 pipe steel, with emphasis on reheat cracking sensitivity and toughness of simulated HAZs and thick-section multipass welds. The results demonstrate that the weld metal made using the B323 filler metal closely matching to P23 steel is far more critical than the parent steel HAZ. In the as-welded condition, the B323 weld metal exhibited excessive hardness of ≈ 380 HV and only diminutive Charpy toughness of ≈ 7 J at + 20 °C. Adoption of PWHT (760 °C /2 h) enhanced the weldment toughness; however, it also inevitably raises risk to reheat cracking in the weld metal that showed reduction of area (RA) no more than 2–3% in the BWI cracking test. The results show that thick-section multipass welds made using filler metal with the chemical composition closer to P24 grade material are less susceptible to reheat cracking than matching P23 grade welds.

    KW - creep

    KW - cracking

    KW - defects

    KW - high temperature

    KW - low alloy steels

    KW - mechanical properties

    KW - microstructure

    KW - multirun welding

    KW - reheat cracking

    KW - steels temperature

    KW - toughness

    KW - weldability

    U2 - 10.1007/BF03266633

    DO - 10.1007/BF03266633

    M3 - Article

    VL - 52

    SP - 68

    EP - 78

    JO - Welding in the World

    JF - Welding in the World

    SN - 0043-2288

    IS - 3-4

    ER -