### Abstract

Original language | English |
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Number of pages | 50 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 87-7893-077-4 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Nov 2000 |

MoE publication type | D4 Published development or research report or study |

### Publication series

Series | NKS Nordisk Kärnsäkerhetsforskning, NKS |
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Number | NKS-26 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- non-linear reinforced concrete
- hydrogen detonation
- finite element analysis

### Cite this

*Reinforced concrete wall under hydrogen detonation*. NKS Nordisk Kärnsäkerhetsforskning, NKS, No. NKS-26

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*Reinforced concrete wall under hydrogen detonation*. NKS Nordisk Kärnsäkerhetsforskning, NKS, no. NKS-26.

**Reinforced concrete wall under hydrogen detonation.** / Saarenheimo, Arja.

Research output: Book/Report › Report

TY - BOOK

T1 - Reinforced concrete wall under hydrogen detonation

AU - Saarenheimo, Arja

N1 - Project code: V0SU00194

PY - 2000/11/1

Y1 - 2000/11/1

N2 - The structural integrity of a reinforced concrete wall in the BWR reactor building under hydrogen detonation conditions has been analysed. Of particular interest is whether the containment integrity can be jeopardised by an external hydrogen detonation. The load carrying capacity of a reinforced concrete wall was studied. The detonation pressure loads were estimated with computerised hand calculations assuming a direct initiation of detonation and applying the strong explosion theory. The results can be considered as rough and conservative estimates for the first shock pressure impact induced by a reflecting detonation wave. Structural integrity may be endangered due to slow pressurisation or dynamic impulse loads associated with local detonations. The static pressure following the passage of a shock front may be relatively high, thus this static or slowly decreasing pressure after a detonation may damage the structure severely. The mitigating effects of the opening of a door on pressure history and structural response were also studied. The non-linear behaviour of the wall was studied under detonations corresponding a detonable hydrogen mass of 0.5 kg and 1.428 kg. Non-linear finite element analyses of the reinforced concrete structure were carried out by the ABAQUS/Explicit program. The reinforcement and its non-linear material behaviour and the tensile cracking of concrete were modelled. Reinforcement was defined as layers of uniformly spaced reinforcing bars in shell elements. In these studies the surrounding structures of the non-linearly modelled reinforced concrete wall were modelled using idealised boundary conditions. Especially concrete cracking and yielding of the reinforcement was monitored during the numerical simulation.

AB - The structural integrity of a reinforced concrete wall in the BWR reactor building under hydrogen detonation conditions has been analysed. Of particular interest is whether the containment integrity can be jeopardised by an external hydrogen detonation. The load carrying capacity of a reinforced concrete wall was studied. The detonation pressure loads were estimated with computerised hand calculations assuming a direct initiation of detonation and applying the strong explosion theory. The results can be considered as rough and conservative estimates for the first shock pressure impact induced by a reflecting detonation wave. Structural integrity may be endangered due to slow pressurisation or dynamic impulse loads associated with local detonations. The static pressure following the passage of a shock front may be relatively high, thus this static or slowly decreasing pressure after a detonation may damage the structure severely. The mitigating effects of the opening of a door on pressure history and structural response were also studied. The non-linear behaviour of the wall was studied under detonations corresponding a detonable hydrogen mass of 0.5 kg and 1.428 kg. Non-linear finite element analyses of the reinforced concrete structure were carried out by the ABAQUS/Explicit program. The reinforcement and its non-linear material behaviour and the tensile cracking of concrete were modelled. Reinforcement was defined as layers of uniformly spaced reinforcing bars in shell elements. In these studies the surrounding structures of the non-linearly modelled reinforced concrete wall were modelled using idealised boundary conditions. Especially concrete cracking and yielding of the reinforcement was monitored during the numerical simulation.

KW - non-linear reinforced concrete

KW - hydrogen detonation

KW - finite element analysis

M3 - Report

T3 - NKS Nordisk Kärnsäkerhetsforskning, NKS

BT - Reinforced concrete wall under hydrogen detonation

ER -