Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat

Wahab Mojtahedi, Rainer Backman

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combined cycle power generation system incorporating pressurised fluidised bed combustion (PFBC) or gasification (PFBG) is considered a promising approach for electricity generation using solid fuels such as peat. In these systems, the high pressure hot flue gas is expanded in a gas turbine. Peat contains sodium and potassium which are released by combustion and gasification.These are corrosive elements that can cause severe damage to the turbine blades if not suppressed.Multicomponent, multiphase equilibrium calculations were carried out for atmospheric and pressurised fluidised bed operating conditions to determine the distribution of sodium and potassium in the gas and condensed phases.Dependence of the alkali volatilisation on the operating temperature and pressure, and on the sulphur content, total alkali content and chlorine content of the feedstock was studied.The results show that the alkali release in the vapour phase could be much higher than acceptable to a gas turbine, particularly under gasification conditions.Hence, the necessity to remove the volatilised alkali metal compounds is more acute in gasification than in combustion.The results are also compared with the measured alkali content of pressurised fluidised bed combustor and gasifier effluent streams.Both sodium and potassium are present as chlorides and to a lesser extent as hydroxides in the gas phase in both modes of operation (i.e. combustion and gasification).However, whereas under combustion conditions both metals seem to condense as sulphates (Na2SO4 and K2S04), in gasification, chlorides and carbonates dominate in the condensed phase.The alkali metals volatilisation shows strong dependence on the operating pressure of the system as well as on the chlorine content of the feedstock.It decreases markedly with the former but increases sharply with the latter.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages51
ISBN (Print)951-38-3388-7
Publication statusPublished - 1989
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

NamePublications / Technical Research Centre of Finland
PublisherVTT
No.53

Fingerprint

Peat
Alkali metals
Gasification
Potassium
Sodium
Vaporization
Feedstocks
Chlorine
Gas turbines
Alkali metal compounds
Combustors
Gases
Flue gases
Turbomachine blades
Power generation
Effluents
Carbonates
Turbines
Sulfur
Electricity

Keywords

  • alkali metals
  • sodium
  • potassium
  • exhaust gases
  • fluidized beds
  • combustion
  • gasification
  • peat
  • fluidised bed combustion

Cite this

Mojtahedi, W., & Backman, R. (1989). Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Technical Research Centre of Finland. Publications , No. 53
Mojtahedi, Wahab ; Backman, Rainer. / Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 51 p. (Technical Research Centre of Finland. Publications ; No. 53).
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Mojtahedi, W & Backman, R 1989, Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat. Technical Research Centre of Finland. Publications , no. 53, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat. / Mojtahedi, Wahab; Backman, Rainer.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 51 p. (Technical Research Centre of Finland. Publications ; No. 53).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat

AU - Mojtahedi, Wahab

AU - Backman, Rainer

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - A combined cycle power generation system incorporating pressurised fluidised bed combustion (PFBC) or gasification (PFBG) is considered a promising approach for electricity generation using solid fuels such as peat. In these systems, the high pressure hot flue gas is expanded in a gas turbine. Peat contains sodium and potassium which are released by combustion and gasification.These are corrosive elements that can cause severe damage to the turbine blades if not suppressed.Multicomponent, multiphase equilibrium calculations were carried out for atmospheric and pressurised fluidised bed operating conditions to determine the distribution of sodium and potassium in the gas and condensed phases.Dependence of the alkali volatilisation on the operating temperature and pressure, and on the sulphur content, total alkali content and chlorine content of the feedstock was studied.The results show that the alkali release in the vapour phase could be much higher than acceptable to a gas turbine, particularly under gasification conditions.Hence, the necessity to remove the volatilised alkali metal compounds is more acute in gasification than in combustion.The results are also compared with the measured alkali content of pressurised fluidised bed combustor and gasifier effluent streams.Both sodium and potassium are present as chlorides and to a lesser extent as hydroxides in the gas phase in both modes of operation (i.e. combustion and gasification).However, whereas under combustion conditions both metals seem to condense as sulphates (Na2SO4 and K2S04), in gasification, chlorides and carbonates dominate in the condensed phase.The alkali metals volatilisation shows strong dependence on the operating pressure of the system as well as on the chlorine content of the feedstock.It decreases markedly with the former but increases sharply with the latter.

AB - A combined cycle power generation system incorporating pressurised fluidised bed combustion (PFBC) or gasification (PFBG) is considered a promising approach for electricity generation using solid fuels such as peat. In these systems, the high pressure hot flue gas is expanded in a gas turbine. Peat contains sodium and potassium which are released by combustion and gasification.These are corrosive elements that can cause severe damage to the turbine blades if not suppressed.Multicomponent, multiphase equilibrium calculations were carried out for atmospheric and pressurised fluidised bed operating conditions to determine the distribution of sodium and potassium in the gas and condensed phases.Dependence of the alkali volatilisation on the operating temperature and pressure, and on the sulphur content, total alkali content and chlorine content of the feedstock was studied.The results show that the alkali release in the vapour phase could be much higher than acceptable to a gas turbine, particularly under gasification conditions.Hence, the necessity to remove the volatilised alkali metal compounds is more acute in gasification than in combustion.The results are also compared with the measured alkali content of pressurised fluidised bed combustor and gasifier effluent streams.Both sodium and potassium are present as chlorides and to a lesser extent as hydroxides in the gas phase in both modes of operation (i.e. combustion and gasification).However, whereas under combustion conditions both metals seem to condense as sulphates (Na2SO4 and K2S04), in gasification, chlorides and carbonates dominate in the condensed phase.The alkali metals volatilisation shows strong dependence on the operating pressure of the system as well as on the chlorine content of the feedstock.It decreases markedly with the former but increases sharply with the latter.

KW - alkali metals

KW - sodium

KW - potassium

KW - exhaust gases

KW - fluidized beds

KW - combustion

KW - gasification

KW - peat

KW - fluidised bed combustion

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-3388-7

T3 - Publications / Technical Research Centre of Finland

BT - Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Mojtahedi W, Backman R. Release of alkali metals in pressurised fluidised-bed combustion and gasification of peat. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1989. 51 p. (Technical Research Centre of Finland. Publications ; No. 53).