Reliability methods in nuclear power plant ageing management: Dissertation

Kaisa Simola

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of nuclear power plant ageing management is to maintain an adequate safety level throughout the lifetime of the plant. In ageing studies, the reliability of components, systems and structures is evaluated taking into account the possible time-dependent degradation. The phases of ageing analyses are generally the identification of critical components, identification and evaluation of ageing effects, and development of mitigation methods. This thesis focuses on the use of reliability methods and analyses of plant- specific operating experience in nuclear power plant ageing studies. The presented applications and method development have been related to nuclear power plants, but many of the approaches can also be applied outside the nuclear industry. The thesis consists of a summary and seven publications. The summary provides an overview of ageing management and discusses the role of reliability methods in ageing analyses. In the publications, practical applications and method development are described in more detail. The application areas at component and system level are motor-operated valves and protection automation systems, for which experience-based ageing analyses have been demonstrated. Furthermore, Bayesian ageing models for repairable components have been developed, and the management of ageing by improving maintenance practices is discussed. Recommendations for improvement of plant information management in order to facilitate ageing analyses are also given. The evaluation and mitigation of ageing effects on structural components is addressed by promoting the use of probabilistic modelling of crack growth, and developing models for evaluation of the reliability of inspection results.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Hämäläinen, Raimo, Supervisor, External person
Award date28 May 1999
Place of PublicationEspoo
Publisher
Print ISBNs951-38-5375-6
Electronic ISBNs951-38-5376-4
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

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Keywords

  • nuclear power plants
  • ageing management
  • reliability methods
  • systems analysis

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