Reorganizing the building process: The holistic approach: Dissertation

Research output: ThesisDissertation

Abstract

The present building practice has faced several problems. The trends in the business environment of construction indicate clearly that the prevailing organization cannot perform optimally in its future environment either, or especially in it. Thus, the study aimed to define the most appropriate generic structure of the overall building process organization for the Western countries in the future. It was anticipated that a more or less fundamental restructuring of the building industry is needed in the long term. The research made use of the wide-ranging practical work done in various countries. It analyzes the development of various new and integrated building production philosophies, which are based not only on the problems of present practice but also on different trends and phenomena existing in the market in general. The chosen nation-based philosophies are: `Computer integrated construction' from Japan `Open building system' from the Netherlands `Sequential procedure' from France and `System unit procurement' from Finland. Their beneficiality and organizational impact were analyzed by production philosophies. The general principles required to describe the needed organizational change were based on the parallel aims of different philosophies. Naturally, the compatibility of principles was also determined and their general suitability was ensured by broad reference material. The overall suggested change in organizing the building process produced by the research is described through ten principles in relation to the traditional practice. The change principles are called: 1 Consumer-oriented phased and focussed decision making 2 Distinction between the shell and interior of the building 3 Performance approach in planning and specification 4 Competition based on implementer's technical solutions 5 Extended commercial means of competition 6 Activation of research and development 7 Establishment of system units for assigning scopes of liability 8 Industrial component production 9 System unit based multi-skilled teams on site, and 10 Continuous collaboratorion between parties. To summarize, comprehensive renewal of the organization of the building process and industry, based on the above principles, offers the most potential for improvning the quality, productivity and innovativeness of construction.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • Tampere University of Technology (TUT)
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Salokangas, Raimo, Advisor, External person
Award date1 Mar 1996
Place of PublicationEspoo
Publisher
Print ISBNs951-38-4796-9
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

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Industry
Productivity
Decision making
Chemical activation
Specifications
Planning

Keywords

  • construction
  • production
  • comparison
  • future
  • organizing
  • building process
  • building industry
  • projects
  • Finland
  • France
  • Japan
  • Netherlands

Cite this

Lahdenperä, P. (1995). Reorganizing the building process: The holistic approach: Dissertation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.
Lahdenperä, Pertti. / Reorganizing the building process : The holistic approach: Dissertation. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1995. 220 p.
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abstract = "The present building practice has faced several problems. The trends in the business environment of construction indicate clearly that the prevailing organization cannot perform optimally in its future environment either, or especially in it. Thus, the study aimed to define the most appropriate generic structure of the overall building process organization for the Western countries in the future. It was anticipated that a more or less fundamental restructuring of the building industry is needed in the long term. The research made use of the wide-ranging practical work done in various countries. It analyzes the development of various new and integrated building production philosophies, which are based not only on the problems of present practice but also on different trends and phenomena existing in the market in general. The chosen nation-based philosophies are: `Computer integrated construction' from Japan `Open building system' from the Netherlands `Sequential procedure' from France and `System unit procurement' from Finland. Their beneficiality and organizational impact were analyzed by production philosophies. The general principles required to describe the needed organizational change were based on the parallel aims of different philosophies. Naturally, the compatibility of principles was also determined and their general suitability was ensured by broad reference material. The overall suggested change in organizing the building process produced by the research is described through ten principles in relation to the traditional practice. The change principles are called: 1 Consumer-oriented phased and focussed decision making 2 Distinction between the shell and interior of the building 3 Performance approach in planning and specification 4 Competition based on implementer's technical solutions 5 Extended commercial means of competition 6 Activation of research and development 7 Establishment of system units for assigning scopes of liability 8 Industrial component production 9 System unit based multi-skilled teams on site, and 10 Continuous collaboratorion between parties. To summarize, comprehensive renewal of the organization of the building process and industry, based on the above principles, offers the most potential for improvning the quality, productivity and innovativeness of construction.",
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year = "1995",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-4796-9",
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Lahdenperä, P 1995, 'Reorganizing the building process: The holistic approach: Dissertation', Doctor Degree, Tampere University of Technology (TUT), Espoo.

Reorganizing the building process : The holistic approach: Dissertation. / Lahdenperä, Pertti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1995. 220 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertation

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AB - The present building practice has faced several problems. The trends in the business environment of construction indicate clearly that the prevailing organization cannot perform optimally in its future environment either, or especially in it. Thus, the study aimed to define the most appropriate generic structure of the overall building process organization for the Western countries in the future. It was anticipated that a more or less fundamental restructuring of the building industry is needed in the long term. The research made use of the wide-ranging practical work done in various countries. It analyzes the development of various new and integrated building production philosophies, which are based not only on the problems of present practice but also on different trends and phenomena existing in the market in general. The chosen nation-based philosophies are: `Computer integrated construction' from Japan `Open building system' from the Netherlands `Sequential procedure' from France and `System unit procurement' from Finland. Their beneficiality and organizational impact were analyzed by production philosophies. The general principles required to describe the needed organizational change were based on the parallel aims of different philosophies. Naturally, the compatibility of principles was also determined and their general suitability was ensured by broad reference material. The overall suggested change in organizing the building process produced by the research is described through ten principles in relation to the traditional practice. The change principles are called: 1 Consumer-oriented phased and focussed decision making 2 Distinction between the shell and interior of the building 3 Performance approach in planning and specification 4 Competition based on implementer's technical solutions 5 Extended commercial means of competition 6 Activation of research and development 7 Establishment of system units for assigning scopes of liability 8 Industrial component production 9 System unit based multi-skilled teams on site, and 10 Continuous collaboratorion between parties. To summarize, comprehensive renewal of the organization of the building process and industry, based on the above principles, offers the most potential for improvning the quality, productivity and innovativeness of construction.

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KW - production

KW - comparison

KW - future

KW - organizing

KW - building process

KW - building industry

KW - projects

KW - Finland

KW - France

KW - Japan

KW - Netherlands

M3 - Dissertation

SN - 951-38-4796-9

T3 - VTT Publications

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Lahdenperä P. Reorganizing the building process: The holistic approach: Dissertation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1995. 220 p.