Replicated data-matrix array generators

P. Pelli, H. Elfström (Corresponding Author), K. Jefimovs, Janne Aikio, Kimmo Karppinen, P. Vahimaa, M. Kuittinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The fabrication and replication of binary spot array generators using 4 and 16 levels gratings is investigated. The elements are designed using iterative Fourier transform algorithm and fabricated by electron-beam lithography. Finally elements are copied by fabricating nickel shims and using hot embossing technique. In each step the optical signals are measured and signals are characterized using bit error rate as a measure of quality. The results show that although 16 level element gives theoretically superior performance, the bit error rate is much lower (∼0.2%) for replicated 4 level elements than for their 16 level counterparts (∼9%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Communications
Volume260
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Bit error rate
generators
Shims
Electron beam lithography
matrices
bit error rate
Nickel
Fourier transforms
Fabrication
embossing
optical communication
lithography
nickel
gratings
electron beams
fabrication

Keywords

  • diffractive optics
  • diffraction grating
  • optics
  • array generators

Cite this

Pelli, P., Elfström, H., Jefimovs, K., Aikio, J., Karppinen, K., Vahimaa, P., & Kuittinen, M. (2006). Replicated data-matrix array generators. Optics Communications, 260(1), 329-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2005.10.016
Pelli, P. ; Elfström, H. ; Jefimovs, K. ; Aikio, Janne ; Karppinen, Kimmo ; Vahimaa, P. ; Kuittinen, M. / Replicated data-matrix array generators. In: Optics Communications. 2006 ; Vol. 260, No. 1. pp. 329-336.
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keywords = "diffractive optics, diffraction grating, optics, array generators",
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Pelli, P, Elfström, H, Jefimovs, K, Aikio, J, Karppinen, K, Vahimaa, P & Kuittinen, M 2006, 'Replicated data-matrix array generators', Optics Communications, vol. 260, no. 1, pp. 329-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2005.10.016

Replicated data-matrix array generators. / Pelli, P.; Elfström, H. (Corresponding Author); Jefimovs, K.; Aikio, Janne; Karppinen, Kimmo; Vahimaa, P.; Kuittinen, M.

In: Optics Communications, Vol. 260, No. 1, 2006, p. 329-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Replicated data-matrix array generators

AU - Pelli, P.

AU - Elfström, H.

AU - Jefimovs, K.

AU - Aikio, Janne

AU - Karppinen, Kimmo

AU - Vahimaa, P.

AU - Kuittinen, M.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The fabrication and replication of binary spot array generators using 4 and 16 levels gratings is investigated. The elements are designed using iterative Fourier transform algorithm and fabricated by electron-beam lithography. Finally elements are copied by fabricating nickel shims and using hot embossing technique. In each step the optical signals are measured and signals are characterized using bit error rate as a measure of quality. The results show that although 16 level element gives theoretically superior performance, the bit error rate is much lower (∼0.2%) for replicated 4 level elements than for their 16 level counterparts (∼9%).

AB - The fabrication and replication of binary spot array generators using 4 and 16 levels gratings is investigated. The elements are designed using iterative Fourier transform algorithm and fabricated by electron-beam lithography. Finally elements are copied by fabricating nickel shims and using hot embossing technique. In each step the optical signals are measured and signals are characterized using bit error rate as a measure of quality. The results show that although 16 level element gives theoretically superior performance, the bit error rate is much lower (∼0.2%) for replicated 4 level elements than for their 16 level counterparts (∼9%).

KW - diffractive optics

KW - diffraction grating

KW - optics

KW - array generators

U2 - 10.1016/j.optcom.2005.10.016

DO - 10.1016/j.optcom.2005.10.016

M3 - Article

VL - 260

SP - 329

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JF - Optics Communications

SN - 0030-4018

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Pelli P, Elfström H, Jefimovs K, Aikio J, Karppinen K, Vahimaa P et al. Replicated data-matrix array generators. Optics Communications. 2006;260(1):329-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2005.10.016