Research on Unregulated Pollutants Emissions of Vehicles Fuelled with Alcohol Alternative Fuels: VTT's contribution to the IEA-AMF Annex 44

Päivi Aakko-Saksa, Timo Murtonen, Piritta Roslund, Päivi Koponen, Jukka Nuottimäki, Panu Karjalainen, Topi Rönkkö, Hilkka Timonen, Sanna Saarikoski, Risto Hillamo

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages35
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Report
    VolumeVTT-R-03970-14

    Keywords

    • ethanol
    • E85
    • E100
    • FFV
    • MPI
    • DISI
    • emissions
    • benzene
    • formaldehyde
    • acetaldehyde
    • ammonia

    Cite this

    Aakko-Saksa, P., Murtonen, T., Roslund, P., Koponen, P., Nuottimäki, J., Karjalainen, P., Rönkkö, T., Timonen, H., Saarikoski, S., & Hillamo, R. (2014). Research on Unregulated Pollutants Emissions of Vehicles Fuelled with Alcohol Alternative Fuels: VTT's contribution to the IEA-AMF Annex 44. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Report, Vol.. VTT-R-03970-14 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/julkaisut/muut/2014/VTT-R-03970-14.pdf