Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods: ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1

A. van Doormaal, C. Haberacker, G. Hüsken, M. Larcher, Arja Saarenheimo, G. Solomos, A. Stolz, L. Thamie, G. Valsamos, Kevin C.

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities, train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of regulations or guidelines should support the resilience of the buildings and infrastructure against explosive incidents. In order to protect the infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural elements against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may be either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. This first report of the TG gives a comprehensive summary of the existing methods which can be used to analyse and test the resistance of glazing and windows under blast-loading conditions. Within this context, the experimental methods of testing using high explosives and testing using blast simulators called shock tubes is presented and explained. In addition, the potential of numerical simulations is highlighted in terms of their applicability to the different glass materials. A short, comprehensive theoretical background is given for each method. Based on this, each method is described with its requirements, realisation and the related measurement techniques. Furthermore, an interpretation of the measurements is highlighted. For the numerical simulations, the basic discretisation and calculations schemes are presented in combination with the available constitutive material descriptions for the different significant materials. Finally the chances for verification and validation of the numerical results are presented. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different test methods and their applicability to certain problems, and provides helpful information for critical infrastructure stakeholders, owners and operators considering the structural resistance of the infrastructure to the effects of explosion in a comprehensive document.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherEuropean Commission EC
    Number of pages78
    ISBN (Electronic)978-92-79-35104-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesEU Publications
    NumberEUR 26449 EN

    Fingerprint

    Explosions
    Critical infrastructures
    Testing
    Shopping centers
    Terrorism
    Shock tubes
    Computer simulation
    Numerical methods
    Hazards
    Simulators
    Glass

    Keywords

    • building industry
    • accident prevention
    • explosive
    • industrial infrastructure
    • risk prevention
    • urban infrastructure
    • terrorism
    • simulation
    • technical standard
    • research report

    Cite this

    van Doormaal, A., Haberacker, C., Hüsken, G., Larcher, M., Saarenheimo, A., Solomos, G., ... C., K. (2013). Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods: ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1. European Commission EC. EU Publications, No. EUR 26449 EN https://doi.org/10.2788/57271
    van Doormaal, A. ; Haberacker, C. ; Hüsken, G. ; Larcher, M. ; Saarenheimo, Arja ; Solomos, G. ; Stolz, A. ; Thamie, L. ; Valsamos, G. ; C., Kevin. / Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods : ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1. European Commission EC, 2013. 78 p. (EU Publications; No. EUR 26449 EN).
    @book{fb11552bae9a4ea8bbcf89d5ccd229ab,
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    abstract = "It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities, train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of regulations or guidelines should support the resilience of the buildings and infrastructure against explosive incidents. In order to protect the infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural elements against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may be either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. This first report of the TG gives a comprehensive summary of the existing methods which can be used to analyse and test the resistance of glazing and windows under blast-loading conditions. Within this context, the experimental methods of testing using high explosives and testing using blast simulators called shock tubes is presented and explained. In addition, the potential of numerical simulations is highlighted in terms of their applicability to the different glass materials. A short, comprehensive theoretical background is given for each method. Based on this, each method is described with its requirements, realisation and the related measurement techniques. Furthermore, an interpretation of the measurements is highlighted. For the numerical simulations, the basic discretisation and calculations schemes are presented in combination with the available constitutive material descriptions for the different significant materials. Finally the chances for verification and validation of the numerical results are presented. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different test methods and their applicability to certain problems, and provides helpful information for critical infrastructure stakeholders, owners and operators considering the structural resistance of the infrastructure to the effects of explosion in a comprehensive document.",
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    van Doormaal, A, Haberacker, C, Hüsken, G, Larcher, M, Saarenheimo, A, Solomos, G, Stolz, A, Thamie, L, Valsamos, G & C., K 2013, Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods: ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1. EU Publications, no. EUR 26449 EN, European Commission EC. https://doi.org/10.2788/57271

    Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods : ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1. / van Doormaal, A.; Haberacker, C.; Hüsken, G.; Larcher, M.; Saarenheimo, Arja; Solomos, G.; Stolz, A.; Thamie, L.; Valsamos, G.; C., Kevin.

    European Commission EC, 2013. 78 p. (EU Publications; No. EUR 26449 EN).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods

    T2 - ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1

    AU - van Doormaal, A.

    AU - Haberacker, C.

    AU - Hüsken, G.

    AU - Larcher, M.

    AU - Saarenheimo, Arja

    AU - Solomos, G.

    AU - Stolz, A.

    AU - Thamie, L.

    AU - Valsamos, G.

    AU - C., Kevin

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities, train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of regulations or guidelines should support the resilience of the buildings and infrastructure against explosive incidents. In order to protect the infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural elements against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may be either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. This first report of the TG gives a comprehensive summary of the existing methods which can be used to analyse and test the resistance of glazing and windows under blast-loading conditions. Within this context, the experimental methods of testing using high explosives and testing using blast simulators called shock tubes is presented and explained. In addition, the potential of numerical simulations is highlighted in terms of their applicability to the different glass materials. A short, comprehensive theoretical background is given for each method. Based on this, each method is described with its requirements, realisation and the related measurement techniques. Furthermore, an interpretation of the measurements is highlighted. For the numerical simulations, the basic discretisation and calculations schemes are presented in combination with the available constitutive material descriptions for the different significant materials. Finally the chances for verification and validation of the numerical results are presented. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different test methods and their applicability to certain problems, and provides helpful information for critical infrastructure stakeholders, owners and operators considering the structural resistance of the infrastructure to the effects of explosion in a comprehensive document.

    AB - It is important to protect critical buildings (shopping centres, government buildings and embassies), infrastructure and utilities, train and underground stations against being damaged, destroyed or disrupted by deliberate acts of terrorism, criminal activity and malicious behaviour. Normal regulations and building guidelines do not generally take into account these threats. The introduction of regulations or guidelines should support the resilience of the buildings and infrastructure against explosive incidents. In order to protect the infrastructure, methods are required to quantify the resistance of structural elements against explosive loading and to assess the hazards resulting from failure of an element. The applicable state-of-the-art techniques may be either experimental or numerical methods, or a combination of both. Therefore, the thematic group (TG) on the resistance of structures to explosion effects was formed in order to bring the required expertise together, make it commonly available and to find and define harmonised methods and solutions which can be provided to the decision-makers responsible for critical infrastructure protection. This first report of the TG gives a comprehensive summary of the existing methods which can be used to analyse and test the resistance of glazing and windows under blast-loading conditions. Within this context, the experimental methods of testing using high explosives and testing using blast simulators called shock tubes is presented and explained. In addition, the potential of numerical simulations is highlighted in terms of their applicability to the different glass materials. A short, comprehensive theoretical background is given for each method. Based on this, each method is described with its requirements, realisation and the related measurement techniques. Furthermore, an interpretation of the measurements is highlighted. For the numerical simulations, the basic discretisation and calculations schemes are presented in combination with the available constitutive material descriptions for the different significant materials. Finally the chances for verification and validation of the numerical results are presented. Hence the report builds the basis for an actual evaluation of the different test methods and their applicability to certain problems, and provides helpful information for critical infrastructure stakeholders, owners and operators considering the structural resistance of the infrastructure to the effects of explosion in a comprehensive document.

    KW - building industry

    KW - accident prevention

    KW - explosive

    KW - industrial infrastructure

    KW - risk prevention

    KW - urban infrastructure

    KW - terrorism

    KW - simulation

    KW - technical standard

    KW - research report

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    DO - 10.2788/57271

    M3 - Report

    T3 - EU Publications

    BT - Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods

    PB - European Commission EC

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    van Doormaal A, Haberacker C, Hüsken G, Larcher M, Saarenheimo A, Solomos G et al. Resistance of structures to explosion effects: Review report of testing methods: ERNCIP thematic area, Resistance of structures to explosion effects, Deliverable D1. European Commission EC, 2013. 78 p. (EU Publications; No. EUR 26449 EN). https://doi.org/10.2788/57271