Review of wind generation within adequacy calculations and capacity markets for different power systems

Lennart Söder (Corresponding Author), Egill Tómasson, Ana Estanqueiro, Damian Flynn, Bri Mathias Hodge, Juha Kiviluoma, Magnus Korpås, Emmanuel Neau, António Couto, Danny Pudjianto, Goran Strbac, Daniel Burke, Tomás Gómez, Kaushik Das, Nicolaos A. Cutululis, Dirk Van Hertem, Hanspeter Höschle, Julia Matevosyan, Serafin von Roon, Enrico Maria CarliniMauro Caprabianca, Laurens de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


The integration of renewable energy sources, including wind power, in the adequacy assessment of electricity generation capacity becomes increasingly important as renewable energy generation increases in volume and replaces conventional power plants. The contribution of wind power to cover the electricity demand is less certain than conventional power sources; therefore, the capacity value of wind power is smaller than that of conventional plants. This article presents an overview of the adequacy challenge, how wind power is handled in the regulation of capacity adequacy, and how wind power is treated in a selection of jurisdictions. The jurisdictions included in the overview are Sweden, Great Britain, France, Ireland, United States (PJM and ERCOT), Finland, Portugal, Spain, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109540
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


This work has been performed within the multi-national funded project IEA-Wind Task 25 Design and Operation of Energy Systems with Large Amounts of Variable Generation.


  • Adequacy
  • Capacity credit
  • Capacity markets
  • Market integration
  • Power system
  • Wind power


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