Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements

Juha Salmela, Sanna Haavisto, Antti Koponen, Ari Jäsberg, Markku Kataja

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

A rheometric method based on velocity profiling simultaneously by optical coherence tomography and the ultrasound velocity profilometry was introduced and used in a preliminary study of the rheological and boundary layer flow properties of microfibrillated cellulose. The two velocity profiling methods appear adequate and complementary for rheoligical characterization of opaque complex fluids. The ultrasound method is useful in measuring the velocity profile in the interior parts of the tube, while the optical technique is capable of high-resolution measurement of the boundary layer flow close to the tube wall. The preliminary results obtained for a 0.4% micro-fibrillated cellulose suspension show typical shear thinning behaviour in the interior part of the tube while the near wall behaviour shows existence of a slip layer of thickness ~200 um. Both the velocity profile measurement and the imaging mode data obtained by the optical coherence tomopraphic method indicate that the slip layer is releated to a concentration gradient appearing near the tube wall. In a sublayer of thickness ~100 um, the fluid appears nearly Newtonian, and the viscosity value approaches that of pure water with decreasing distance from the wall.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013
Place of PublicationLancashire
Pages495-509
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event15th Fundamental Research Symposium - Cambridge, United Kingdom
Duration: 8 Sep 201313 Sep 2013

Conference

Conference15th Fundamental Research Symposium
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityCambridge
Period8/09/1313/09/13

Fingerprint

cellulose
velocity distribution
tubes
fibers
boundary layer flow
slip
shear thinning
fluids
tomography
viscosity
gradients
high resolution
water

Keywords

  • optical coherence tomography
  • rheology
  • microfibrillated cellulose

Cite this

Salmela, J., Haavisto, S., Koponen, A., Jäsberg, A., & Kataja, M. (2013). Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements. In Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013 (pp. 495-509). Lancashire.
Salmela, Juha ; Haavisto, Sanna ; Koponen, Antti ; Jäsberg, Ari ; Kataja, Markku. / Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements. Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013. Lancashire, 2013. pp. 495-509
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abstract = "A rheometric method based on velocity profiling simultaneously by optical coherence tomography and the ultrasound velocity profilometry was introduced and used in a preliminary study of the rheological and boundary layer flow properties of microfibrillated cellulose. The two velocity profiling methods appear adequate and complementary for rheoligical characterization of opaque complex fluids. The ultrasound method is useful in measuring the velocity profile in the interior parts of the tube, while the optical technique is capable of high-resolution measurement of the boundary layer flow close to the tube wall. The preliminary results obtained for a 0.4{\%} micro-fibrillated cellulose suspension show typical shear thinning behaviour in the interior part of the tube while the near wall behaviour shows existence of a slip layer of thickness ~200 um. Both the velocity profile measurement and the imaging mode data obtained by the optical coherence tomopraphic method indicate that the slip layer is releated to a concentration gradient appearing near the tube wall. In a sublayer of thickness ~100 um, the fluid appears nearly Newtonian, and the viscosity value approaches that of pure water with decreasing distance from the wall.",
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Salmela, J, Haavisto, S, Koponen, A, Jäsberg, A & Kataja, M 2013, Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements. in Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013. Lancashire, pp. 495-509, 15th Fundamental Research Symposium, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 8/09/13.

Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements. / Salmela, Juha; Haavisto, Sanna; Koponen, Antti; Jäsberg, Ari; Kataja, Markku.

Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013. Lancashire, 2013. p. 495-509.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements

AU - Salmela, Juha

AU - Haavisto, Sanna

AU - Koponen, Antti

AU - Jäsberg, Ari

AU - Kataja, Markku

N1 - Project code: 80983

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A rheometric method based on velocity profiling simultaneously by optical coherence tomography and the ultrasound velocity profilometry was introduced and used in a preliminary study of the rheological and boundary layer flow properties of microfibrillated cellulose. The two velocity profiling methods appear adequate and complementary for rheoligical characterization of opaque complex fluids. The ultrasound method is useful in measuring the velocity profile in the interior parts of the tube, while the optical technique is capable of high-resolution measurement of the boundary layer flow close to the tube wall. The preliminary results obtained for a 0.4% micro-fibrillated cellulose suspension show typical shear thinning behaviour in the interior part of the tube while the near wall behaviour shows existence of a slip layer of thickness ~200 um. Both the velocity profile measurement and the imaging mode data obtained by the optical coherence tomopraphic method indicate that the slip layer is releated to a concentration gradient appearing near the tube wall. In a sublayer of thickness ~100 um, the fluid appears nearly Newtonian, and the viscosity value approaches that of pure water with decreasing distance from the wall.

AB - A rheometric method based on velocity profiling simultaneously by optical coherence tomography and the ultrasound velocity profilometry was introduced and used in a preliminary study of the rheological and boundary layer flow properties of microfibrillated cellulose. The two velocity profiling methods appear adequate and complementary for rheoligical characterization of opaque complex fluids. The ultrasound method is useful in measuring the velocity profile in the interior parts of the tube, while the optical technique is capable of high-resolution measurement of the boundary layer flow close to the tube wall. The preliminary results obtained for a 0.4% micro-fibrillated cellulose suspension show typical shear thinning behaviour in the interior part of the tube while the near wall behaviour shows existence of a slip layer of thickness ~200 um. Both the velocity profile measurement and the imaging mode data obtained by the optical coherence tomopraphic method indicate that the slip layer is releated to a concentration gradient appearing near the tube wall. In a sublayer of thickness ~100 um, the fluid appears nearly Newtonian, and the viscosity value approaches that of pure water with decreasing distance from the wall.

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KW - rheology

KW - microfibrillated cellulose

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-0-992613-0-4

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BT - Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013

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Salmela J, Haavisto S, Koponen A, Jäsberg A, Kataja M. Rheological characterization of micro-fibrillated cellulose fibre suspension using multi scale velocity profile measurements. In Advances in pulp and paper research, Cambridge 2013. Lancashire. 2013. p. 495-509