Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction

Margareta Wahlström, Paula Eskola, Jutta Laine-Ylijoki, Hilkka Leino-Forsman, Esa Mäkelä, Markus Olin, Markku Juvankoski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Industrial by-products can be used in earth constructions provided their environmental properties are acceptable, e.g. not exceeding defined acceptance values.Risk assessment is needed in cases where the disposal conditions significantly differ from the conditions considered when the acceptance values were set for by-products suitable in earth constructions, for example, in cases of sensitive disposal environments or in cases where the construction consists of several different by-products.It might also be possible through risk assessment to accept higher emission values in cases where more information is available about the properties of the harmful compounds.A procedure for the risk assessment of industrial by-products to be utilized in earth construction is proposed.The procedure is designed to be as simple as possible to use, yet cover the most important aspects and environmental risks in the assessment.Additionally, the special characteristics of construction and the use of earth constructions were also considered.The risks were primarily related to human health because the background data needed for an ecotoxicological risk assessment is still under development.The proposed risk assessment concept has also been tested in a case study on the use of coal fly ash in earth construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology
Subtitle of host publicationECOGEO 2000
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages183-190
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5702-6
ISBN (Print)951-38-5701-8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 4 Sep 20006 Sep 2000

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number204
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology
Abbreviated titleECOGEO 2000
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period4/09/006/09/00

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risk assessment
by-product
environmental risk
fly ash
coal

Cite this

Wahlström, M., Eskola, P., Laine-Ylijoki, J., Leino-Forsman, H., Mäkelä, E., Olin, M., & Juvankoski, M. (2000). Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction. In International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000 (pp. 183-190). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 204
Wahlström, Margareta ; Eskola, Paula ; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta ; Leino-Forsman, Hilkka ; Mäkelä, Esa ; Olin, Markus ; Juvankoski, Markku. / Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction. International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. pp. 183-190 (VTT Symposium; No. 204).
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title = "Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction",
abstract = "Industrial by-products can be used in earth constructions provided their environmental properties are acceptable, e.g. not exceeding defined acceptance values.Risk assessment is needed in cases where the disposal conditions significantly differ from the conditions considered when the acceptance values were set for by-products suitable in earth constructions, for example, in cases of sensitive disposal environments or in cases where the construction consists of several different by-products.It might also be possible through risk assessment to accept higher emission values in cases where more information is available about the properties of the harmful compounds.A procedure for the risk assessment of industrial by-products to be utilized in earth construction is proposed.The procedure is designed to be as simple as possible to use, yet cover the most important aspects and environmental risks in the assessment.Additionally, the special characteristics of construction and the use of earth constructions were also considered.The risks were primarily related to human health because the background data needed for an ecotoxicological risk assessment is still under development.The proposed risk assessment concept has also been tested in a case study on the use of coal fly ash in earth construction.",
author = "Margareta Wahlstr{\"o}m and Paula Eskola and Jutta Laine-Ylijoki and Hilkka Leino-Forsman and Esa M{\"a}kel{\"a} and Markus Olin and Markku Juvankoski",
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Wahlström, M, Eskola, P, Laine-Ylijoki, J, Leino-Forsman, H, Mäkelä, E, Olin, M & Juvankoski, M 2000, Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction. in International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 204, pp. 183-190, International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology, Helsinki, Finland, 4/09/00.

Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction. / Wahlström, Margareta; Eskola, Paula; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta; Leino-Forsman, Hilkka; Mäkelä, Esa; Olin, Markus; Juvankoski, Markku.

International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. p. 183-190 (VTT Symposium; No. 204).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction

AU - Wahlström, Margareta

AU - Eskola, Paula

AU - Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta

AU - Leino-Forsman, Hilkka

AU - Mäkelä, Esa

AU - Olin, Markus

AU - Juvankoski, Markku

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Industrial by-products can be used in earth constructions provided their environmental properties are acceptable, e.g. not exceeding defined acceptance values.Risk assessment is needed in cases where the disposal conditions significantly differ from the conditions considered when the acceptance values were set for by-products suitable in earth constructions, for example, in cases of sensitive disposal environments or in cases where the construction consists of several different by-products.It might also be possible through risk assessment to accept higher emission values in cases where more information is available about the properties of the harmful compounds.A procedure for the risk assessment of industrial by-products to be utilized in earth construction is proposed.The procedure is designed to be as simple as possible to use, yet cover the most important aspects and environmental risks in the assessment.Additionally, the special characteristics of construction and the use of earth constructions were also considered.The risks were primarily related to human health because the background data needed for an ecotoxicological risk assessment is still under development.The proposed risk assessment concept has also been tested in a case study on the use of coal fly ash in earth construction.

AB - Industrial by-products can be used in earth constructions provided their environmental properties are acceptable, e.g. not exceeding defined acceptance values.Risk assessment is needed in cases where the disposal conditions significantly differ from the conditions considered when the acceptance values were set for by-products suitable in earth constructions, for example, in cases of sensitive disposal environments or in cases where the construction consists of several different by-products.It might also be possible through risk assessment to accept higher emission values in cases where more information is available about the properties of the harmful compounds.A procedure for the risk assessment of industrial by-products to be utilized in earth construction is proposed.The procedure is designed to be as simple as possible to use, yet cover the most important aspects and environmental risks in the assessment.Additionally, the special characteristics of construction and the use of earth constructions were also considered.The risks were primarily related to human health because the background data needed for an ecotoxicological risk assessment is still under development.The proposed risk assessment concept has also been tested in a case study on the use of coal fly ash in earth construction.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5701-8

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 183

EP - 190

BT - International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

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Wahlström M, Eskola P, Laine-Ylijoki J, Leino-Forsman H, Mäkelä E, Olin M et al. Risk assessment of industrial by-products used in earth construction. In International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2000. p. 183-190. (VTT Symposium; No. 204).