Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley

Anneli Ritala, Anna-Maria Nuutila, Reino Aikasalo, Veli Kauppinen, Jussi Tammisola

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Molecular breeding is becoming a useful tool in the improvement of plants and plant-based raw materials. Risk assessment studies are needed for the safe commercial use of transgenic plants. Risk assessment for the cultivation of transgenic barley was performed in 1996 and repeated in a larger scale in 1997 in order to provide information on pollen-mediated dispersal of transgenes via cross-fertilization. A transgenic barley line carrying a marker gene coding for neomycin phospho-transferase II (nptII) was used as a pollen donor. For maximum resolution a cytoplasmically male-sterile barley line was utilized as recipient and the flow of nptII transgene was monitored at distances of 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 25, 50 and 100 meters from the donor plots of 225 m2 and 2000 m2. In Finnish conditions, the cross-fertilization frequency was found to be low. In male-sterile recipient barley the seed-set was low. In normal male-fertile barley the cross-fertilization frequency varied from 0% to 7%, depending on weather conditions on the heading day. Furthermore, in male-sterile barley the cross-fertilization frequency diminished rapidly with distance and only a few seeds were found at distances of 50 and 100 m. The molecular biological analysis of male-sterile heads revealed that all the seeds at a distance of 1 m were transgenic, but only 3% of the distant seeds (50 m) were transgenic. Due to competing self-produced and non-transgenic background pollen the correspond-ing figure will be even lower in normal recipient barley.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages133-139
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5707-7
ISBN (Print)951-38-5706-9
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventEuropean Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEGP-2 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 8 Dec 199910 Dec 1999

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number207
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEGP-2
Abbreviated titleESEGP-2
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period8/12/9910/12/99

Fingerprint

risk assessment
barley
genetically modified organisms
fertilization (reproduction)
neomycin
pollen
transferases
transgenes
seeds
seed set
heading
raw materials
transgenic plants
weather
genetic markers
breeding

Cite this

Ritala, A., Nuutila, A-M., Aikasalo, R., Kauppinen, V., & Tammisola, J. (2000). Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley. In 2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2 (pp. 133-139). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 207
Ritala, Anneli ; Nuutila, Anna-Maria ; Aikasalo, Reino ; Kauppinen, Veli ; Tammisola, Jussi. / Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley. 2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. pp. 133-139 (VTT Symposium; No. 207).
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abstract = "Molecular breeding is becoming a useful tool in the improvement of plants and plant-based raw materials. Risk assessment studies are needed for the safe commercial use of transgenic plants. Risk assessment for the cultivation of transgenic barley was performed in 1996 and repeated in a larger scale in 1997 in order to provide information on pollen-mediated dispersal of transgenes via cross-fertilization. A transgenic barley line carrying a marker gene coding for neomycin phospho-transferase II (nptII) was used as a pollen donor. For maximum resolution a cytoplasmically male-sterile barley line was utilized as recipient and the flow of nptII transgene was monitored at distances of 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 25, 50 and 100 meters from the donor plots of 225 m2 and 2000 m2. In Finnish conditions, the cross-fertilization frequency was found to be low. In male-sterile recipient barley the seed-set was low. In normal male-fertile barley the cross-fertilization frequency varied from 0{\%} to 7{\%}, depending on weather conditions on the heading day. Furthermore, in male-sterile barley the cross-fertilization frequency diminished rapidly with distance and only a few seeds were found at distances of 50 and 100 m. The molecular biological analysis of male-sterile heads revealed that all the seeds at a distance of 1 m were transgenic, but only 3{\%} of the distant seeds (50 m) were transgenic. Due to competing self-produced and non-transgenic background pollen the correspond-ing figure will be even lower in normal recipient barley.",
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Ritala, A, Nuutila, A-M, Aikasalo, R, Kauppinen, V & Tammisola, J 2000, Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley. in 2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 207, pp. 133-139, European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEGP-2, Helsinki, Finland, 8/12/99.

Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley. / Ritala, Anneli; Nuutila, Anna-Maria; Aikasalo, Reino; Kauppinen, Veli; Tammisola, Jussi.

2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. p. 133-139 (VTT Symposium; No. 207).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley

AU - Ritala, Anneli

AU - Nuutila, Anna-Maria

AU - Aikasalo, Reino

AU - Kauppinen, Veli

AU - Tammisola, Jussi

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Molecular breeding is becoming a useful tool in the improvement of plants and plant-based raw materials. Risk assessment studies are needed for the safe commercial use of transgenic plants. Risk assessment for the cultivation of transgenic barley was performed in 1996 and repeated in a larger scale in 1997 in order to provide information on pollen-mediated dispersal of transgenes via cross-fertilization. A transgenic barley line carrying a marker gene coding for neomycin phospho-transferase II (nptII) was used as a pollen donor. For maximum resolution a cytoplasmically male-sterile barley line was utilized as recipient and the flow of nptII transgene was monitored at distances of 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 25, 50 and 100 meters from the donor plots of 225 m2 and 2000 m2. In Finnish conditions, the cross-fertilization frequency was found to be low. In male-sterile recipient barley the seed-set was low. In normal male-fertile barley the cross-fertilization frequency varied from 0% to 7%, depending on weather conditions on the heading day. Furthermore, in male-sterile barley the cross-fertilization frequency diminished rapidly with distance and only a few seeds were found at distances of 50 and 100 m. The molecular biological analysis of male-sterile heads revealed that all the seeds at a distance of 1 m were transgenic, but only 3% of the distant seeds (50 m) were transgenic. Due to competing self-produced and non-transgenic background pollen the correspond-ing figure will be even lower in normal recipient barley.

AB - Molecular breeding is becoming a useful tool in the improvement of plants and plant-based raw materials. Risk assessment studies are needed for the safe commercial use of transgenic plants. Risk assessment for the cultivation of transgenic barley was performed in 1996 and repeated in a larger scale in 1997 in order to provide information on pollen-mediated dispersal of transgenes via cross-fertilization. A transgenic barley line carrying a marker gene coding for neomycin phospho-transferase II (nptII) was used as a pollen donor. For maximum resolution a cytoplasmically male-sterile barley line was utilized as recipient and the flow of nptII transgene was monitored at distances of 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 25, 50 and 100 meters from the donor plots of 225 m2 and 2000 m2. In Finnish conditions, the cross-fertilization frequency was found to be low. In male-sterile recipient barley the seed-set was low. In normal male-fertile barley the cross-fertilization frequency varied from 0% to 7%, depending on weather conditions on the heading day. Furthermore, in male-sterile barley the cross-fertilization frequency diminished rapidly with distance and only a few seeds were found at distances of 50 and 100 m. The molecular biological analysis of male-sterile heads revealed that all the seeds at a distance of 1 m were transgenic, but only 3% of the distant seeds (50 m) were transgenic. Due to competing self-produced and non-transgenic background pollen the correspond-ing figure will be even lower in normal recipient barley.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5706-9

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 133

EP - 139

BT - 2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Ritala A, Nuutila A-M, Aikasalo R, Kauppinen V, Tammisola J. Risk assessment studies in the cultivation of transgenic barley. In 2nd European Symposium on Enzymes in Grain Processing, ESEPG-2. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2000. p. 133-139. (VTT Symposium; No. 207).