Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context

Anna Leinonen, Toni Ahlqvist, Henna Sundqvist-Andberg, Arho Suominen, Jouko Myllyoja, Leena Grandell, Maria Tikanmäki, Kaisa Oksanen, Hannes Toivanen

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

Finland, as a country with significant parts located beyond the polar circle, has some intrinsic expertise on Arctic issues and technologies. In order to really benefit from the Arctic competencies calls for long term research activities and the development of competencies. This report is an outcome of an expert process (2013-2014), which aimed at identifying the key characteristic of Arctic technology competencies and formulation of strategic options in the form of roadmaps. The roadmapping process applied in this project consisted of three phases combining various methods: (1) scoping (brainstorming workshops, construction of thematic mindmaps), (2) generation (technology surveys, interviews, patent analysis, roadmapping workshops), and (3) outputs (reporting and presentation of results). The first key result of the roadmapping process was the characterisation of Arctic competence as a three-layered structure consisting of (1) competences relating to Arctic conditions, (2) Applied technology competences needed in operations in the Arctic area, and (3) Cross-sectional technology competences covering critical enabling technologies that can be applied in different application areas. These three levels together formulate a comprehensive picture of Arctic technology. Furthermore, the key results of the roadmapping process are crystallised in four strategy paths for the Arctic regions. These are: (1) Spearhead strategy: Arctic marine technology and maritime transport - a focused strategy that emphasises traditional Finnish competences in shipbuilding and the maritime industry set in the Arctic context; (2) Flying geese approach: emerging Arctic pathways - a wider strategy that emphasises a selection of strong Arctic competences; (3) Culture of Arctic experimentation - a strategy based on experimental policies and technology approaches; and (4) Snowdrift strategy: fading Arctic business - the Arctic does not form a credible focus of activities and is forgotten or set as a subordinate perspective inside some other topic. The report provides strategic recommendations linked with the options of Finnish innovation policies and competence development. On the national level, a clear definition of Arctic expertise is necessary in order to scope the strategy and make it possible to direct R&D funding to selected key competence areas. Also, new R&D funding instruments should be developed to promote experimental development models and to guarantee long-lasting funding for R&D. Arctic element can be understood as an additional component of technology development. Therefore, it is important to coordinate the R&D funding between different strategies and research programmes to be able to identify areas where shared objectives can be found. From the theoretical-methodological perspective, it is necessary to continue methodological development combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the analysis of emerging technologies and combination of roadmapping to other, more short-term and more business-oriented analyses.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages92
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Research Report
VolumeVTT-R-05901-14

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marine technology
shipbuilding
technological development
research program
innovation
industry
analysis
method
policy
development model
maritime transport
Arctic region
patent
project
recommendation

Keywords

  • roadmap
  • arctic technology
  • foresight process

Cite this

Leinonen, A., Ahlqvist, T., Sundqvist-Andberg, H., Suominen, A., Myllyoja, J., Grandell, L., ... Toivanen, H. (2014). Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Report, Vol.. VTT-R-05901-14
Leinonen, Anna ; Ahlqvist, Toni ; Sundqvist-Andberg, Henna ; Suominen, Arho ; Myllyoja, Jouko ; Grandell, Leena ; Tikanmäki, Maria ; Oksanen, Kaisa ; Toivanen, Hannes. / Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2014. 92 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-05901-14).
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Leinonen, A, Ahlqvist, T, Sundqvist-Andberg, H, Suominen, A, Myllyoja, J, Grandell, L, Tikanmäki, M, Oksanen, K & Toivanen, H 2014, Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context. VTT Research Report, vol. VTT-R-05901-14, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context. / Leinonen, Anna; Ahlqvist, Toni; Sundqvist-Andberg, Henna; Suominen, Arho; Myllyoja, Jouko; Grandell, Leena; Tikanmäki, Maria; Oksanen, Kaisa; Toivanen, Hannes.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2014. 92 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-05901-14).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context

AU - Leinonen, Anna

AU - Ahlqvist, Toni

AU - Sundqvist-Andberg, Henna

AU - Suominen, Arho

AU - Myllyoja, Jouko

AU - Grandell, Leena

AU - Tikanmäki, Maria

AU - Oksanen, Kaisa

AU - Toivanen, Hannes

N1 - Project code: 80035

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Finland, as a country with significant parts located beyond the polar circle, has some intrinsic expertise on Arctic issues and technologies. In order to really benefit from the Arctic competencies calls for long term research activities and the development of competencies. This report is an outcome of an expert process (2013-2014), which aimed at identifying the key characteristic of Arctic technology competencies and formulation of strategic options in the form of roadmaps. The roadmapping process applied in this project consisted of three phases combining various methods: (1) scoping (brainstorming workshops, construction of thematic mindmaps), (2) generation (technology surveys, interviews, patent analysis, roadmapping workshops), and (3) outputs (reporting and presentation of results). The first key result of the roadmapping process was the characterisation of Arctic competence as a three-layered structure consisting of (1) competences relating to Arctic conditions, (2) Applied technology competences needed in operations in the Arctic area, and (3) Cross-sectional technology competences covering critical enabling technologies that can be applied in different application areas. These three levels together formulate a comprehensive picture of Arctic technology. Furthermore, the key results of the roadmapping process are crystallised in four strategy paths for the Arctic regions. These are: (1) Spearhead strategy: Arctic marine technology and maritime transport - a focused strategy that emphasises traditional Finnish competences in shipbuilding and the maritime industry set in the Arctic context; (2) Flying geese approach: emerging Arctic pathways - a wider strategy that emphasises a selection of strong Arctic competences; (3) Culture of Arctic experimentation - a strategy based on experimental policies and technology approaches; and (4) Snowdrift strategy: fading Arctic business - the Arctic does not form a credible focus of activities and is forgotten or set as a subordinate perspective inside some other topic. The report provides strategic recommendations linked with the options of Finnish innovation policies and competence development. On the national level, a clear definition of Arctic expertise is necessary in order to scope the strategy and make it possible to direct R&D funding to selected key competence areas. Also, new R&D funding instruments should be developed to promote experimental development models and to guarantee long-lasting funding for R&D. Arctic element can be understood as an additional component of technology development. Therefore, it is important to coordinate the R&D funding between different strategies and research programmes to be able to identify areas where shared objectives can be found. From the theoretical-methodological perspective, it is necessary to continue methodological development combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the analysis of emerging technologies and combination of roadmapping to other, more short-term and more business-oriented analyses.

AB - Finland, as a country with significant parts located beyond the polar circle, has some intrinsic expertise on Arctic issues and technologies. In order to really benefit from the Arctic competencies calls for long term research activities and the development of competencies. This report is an outcome of an expert process (2013-2014), which aimed at identifying the key characteristic of Arctic technology competencies and formulation of strategic options in the form of roadmaps. The roadmapping process applied in this project consisted of three phases combining various methods: (1) scoping (brainstorming workshops, construction of thematic mindmaps), (2) generation (technology surveys, interviews, patent analysis, roadmapping workshops), and (3) outputs (reporting and presentation of results). The first key result of the roadmapping process was the characterisation of Arctic competence as a three-layered structure consisting of (1) competences relating to Arctic conditions, (2) Applied technology competences needed in operations in the Arctic area, and (3) Cross-sectional technology competences covering critical enabling technologies that can be applied in different application areas. These three levels together formulate a comprehensive picture of Arctic technology. Furthermore, the key results of the roadmapping process are crystallised in four strategy paths for the Arctic regions. These are: (1) Spearhead strategy: Arctic marine technology and maritime transport - a focused strategy that emphasises traditional Finnish competences in shipbuilding and the maritime industry set in the Arctic context; (2) Flying geese approach: emerging Arctic pathways - a wider strategy that emphasises a selection of strong Arctic competences; (3) Culture of Arctic experimentation - a strategy based on experimental policies and technology approaches; and (4) Snowdrift strategy: fading Arctic business - the Arctic does not form a credible focus of activities and is forgotten or set as a subordinate perspective inside some other topic. The report provides strategic recommendations linked with the options of Finnish innovation policies and competence development. On the national level, a clear definition of Arctic expertise is necessary in order to scope the strategy and make it possible to direct R&D funding to selected key competence areas. Also, new R&D funding instruments should be developed to promote experimental development models and to guarantee long-lasting funding for R&D. Arctic element can be understood as an additional component of technology development. Therefore, it is important to coordinate the R&D funding between different strategies and research programmes to be able to identify areas where shared objectives can be found. From the theoretical-methodological perspective, it is necessary to continue methodological development combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the analysis of emerging technologies and combination of roadmapping to other, more short-term and more business-oriented analyses.

KW - roadmap

KW - arctic technology

KW - foresight process

M3 - Report

T3 - VTT Research Report

BT - Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

ER -

Leinonen A, Ahlqvist T, Sundqvist-Andberg H, Suominen A, Myllyoja J, Grandell L et al. Roadmaps to arctic opportunities, Futures of arctic competences and technologies in the Finnish context. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2014. 92 p. (VTT Research Report, Vol. VTT-R-05901-14).