Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care

Marketta Niemelä, Helinä Melkas

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Care robots are robotic applications targeted for use in care and nursing environments, or to support independent living for the elderly and those with disabilities. Robots may provide relief to the challenge in many countries of tending to an increased elderly population’s needs for care services. This chapter provides an introductory review of care robots and discusses their acceptability within the field of elderly care. Our focus is on the end-users of robots, namely the elderly and care professionals, who are often neglected or misconceived within the field of technology development. We approach their perspective through three empirical studies: a citizen panel for older adults on their expectations and concerns for care robots, a case study of a social robot adopted within three elderly-care facilities, and a case study of a mobile telepresence robot piloted in two care facilities. In these studies, both elderly people and professionals showed positive perceptions towards care robots, at least from certain perspectives. They also presented requirements and framework conditions that should be taken into account when considering the use of robots in care. In particular, the study participants highlighted the priority of humans in care, although they accepted robots for carrying out secondary care tasks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHuman-Centered Digitalization and Services
    EditorsMarja Toivonen, Eveliina Saari
    PublisherSpringer
    Chapter10
    Pages177 - 197
    ISBN (Electronic)978-981-13-7725-9
    ISBN (Print)978-981-13-7724-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

    Publication series

    SeriesTranslational Systems Sciences
    Volume19
    ISSN2197-8832

    Fingerprint

    robot
    assistant
    need for care
    nursing
    disability
    citizen

    Keywords

    • care robot
    • acceptability
    • elderly care
    • citizen panel
    • telespresence robot
    • social robot

    Cite this

    Niemelä, M., & Melkas, H. (2019). Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care. In M. Toivonen, & E. Saari (Eds.), Human-Centered Digitalization and Services (pp. 177 - 197). Springer. Translational Systems Sciences, Vol.. 19 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10
    Niemelä, Marketta ; Melkas, Helinä. / Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care. Human-Centered Digitalization and Services. editor / Marja Toivonen ; Eveliina Saari. Springer, 2019. pp. 177 - 197 (Translational Systems Sciences, Vol. 19).
    @inbook{836a767b9266458ea2f7e90d4227fbf3,
    title = "Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care",
    abstract = "Care robots are robotic applications targeted for use in care and nursing environments, or to support independent living for the elderly and those with disabilities. Robots may provide relief to the challenge in many countries of tending to an increased elderly population’s needs for care services. This chapter provides an introductory review of care robots and discusses their acceptability within the field of elderly care. Our focus is on the end-users of robots, namely the elderly and care professionals, who are often neglected or misconceived within the field of technology development. We approach their perspective through three empirical studies: a citizen panel for older adults on their expectations and concerns for care robots, a case study of a social robot adopted within three elderly-care facilities, and a case study of a mobile telepresence robot piloted in two care facilities. In these studies, both elderly people and professionals showed positive perceptions towards care robots, at least from certain perspectives. They also presented requirements and framework conditions that should be taken into account when considering the use of robots in care. In particular, the study participants highlighted the priority of humans in care, although they accepted robots for carrying out secondary care tasks.",
    keywords = "care robot, acceptability, elderly care, citizen panel, telespresence robot, social robot",
    author = "Marketta Niemel{\"a} and Helin{\"a} Melkas",
    year = "2019",
    doi = "10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978-981-13-7724-2",
    series = "Translational Systems Sciences",
    publisher = "Springer",
    pages = "177 -- 197",
    editor = "Marja Toivonen and Eveliina Saari",
    booktitle = "Human-Centered Digitalization and Services",
    address = "Germany",

    }

    Niemelä, M & Melkas, H 2019, Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care. in M Toivonen & E Saari (eds), Human-Centered Digitalization and Services. Springer, Translational Systems Sciences, vol. 19, pp. 177 - 197. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10

    Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care. / Niemelä, Marketta; Melkas, Helinä.

    Human-Centered Digitalization and Services. ed. / Marja Toivonen; Eveliina Saari. Springer, 2019. p. 177 - 197 (Translational Systems Sciences, Vol. 19).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleScientificpeer-review

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care

    AU - Niemelä, Marketta

    AU - Melkas, Helinä

    PY - 2019

    Y1 - 2019

    N2 - Care robots are robotic applications targeted for use in care and nursing environments, or to support independent living for the elderly and those with disabilities. Robots may provide relief to the challenge in many countries of tending to an increased elderly population’s needs for care services. This chapter provides an introductory review of care robots and discusses their acceptability within the field of elderly care. Our focus is on the end-users of robots, namely the elderly and care professionals, who are often neglected or misconceived within the field of technology development. We approach their perspective through three empirical studies: a citizen panel for older adults on their expectations and concerns for care robots, a case study of a social robot adopted within three elderly-care facilities, and a case study of a mobile telepresence robot piloted in two care facilities. In these studies, both elderly people and professionals showed positive perceptions towards care robots, at least from certain perspectives. They also presented requirements and framework conditions that should be taken into account when considering the use of robots in care. In particular, the study participants highlighted the priority of humans in care, although they accepted robots for carrying out secondary care tasks.

    AB - Care robots are robotic applications targeted for use in care and nursing environments, or to support independent living for the elderly and those with disabilities. Robots may provide relief to the challenge in many countries of tending to an increased elderly population’s needs for care services. This chapter provides an introductory review of care robots and discusses their acceptability within the field of elderly care. Our focus is on the end-users of robots, namely the elderly and care professionals, who are often neglected or misconceived within the field of technology development. We approach their perspective through three empirical studies: a citizen panel for older adults on their expectations and concerns for care robots, a case study of a social robot adopted within three elderly-care facilities, and a case study of a mobile telepresence robot piloted in two care facilities. In these studies, both elderly people and professionals showed positive perceptions towards care robots, at least from certain perspectives. They also presented requirements and framework conditions that should be taken into account when considering the use of robots in care. In particular, the study participants highlighted the priority of humans in care, although they accepted robots for carrying out secondary care tasks.

    KW - care robot

    KW - acceptability

    KW - elderly care

    KW - citizen panel

    KW - telespresence robot

    KW - social robot

    U2 - 10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10

    DO - 10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10

    M3 - Chapter or book article

    SN - 978-981-13-7724-2

    T3 - Translational Systems Sciences

    SP - 177

    EP - 197

    BT - Human-Centered Digitalization and Services

    A2 - Toivonen, Marja

    A2 - Saari, Eveliina

    PB - Springer

    ER -

    Niemelä M, Melkas H. Robots as Social and Physical Assistants in Elderly Care. In Toivonen M, Saari E, editors, Human-Centered Digitalization and Services. Springer. 2019. p. 177 - 197. (Translational Systems Sciences, Vol. 19). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-7725-9_10