Robust decision making analysis of BECCS (bio-CLC)in a district heating and cooling grid

Tomi J. Lindroos (Corresponding Author), Magnus Rydén, Øyvind Langørgen, Esa Pursiheimo, Toni Pikkarainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Additional investments to negative emission technologies, such as reforestation or bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), are required to achieve Paris Agreement targets. Chemical-looping combustion of biomass (Bio-CLC)is an under-the-development combustion technology that could provide relatively low cost negative CO2 emissions. We modelled Bio-CLC units as a part of a city-level district heating and cooling (DHC)grid based on literature and our experimental work with Bio-CLC pilot plants. We applied robust decision-making (RDM)to identify preconditions that favour Bio-CLC over certain competing investment options. In the selected case study, a Bio-CLC unit had a 50% chance to be profitable (10% Internal rate of return or better)around the level of 10 €/tCO2 net income from captured bio-CO2. If the net income from captured bio-CO2 was below 10 €/tCO2, as currently, large heat pumps with COP of 3.5 were the most robust of the studied investment options. Traditional bio-CHP performed better than large heat pumps only when electricity market price was above 50 €/MWh and biomass price below 20 €/MWh. Performed RDM analysis provides a systemic background for both technology developers and DHC operators when considering the competitiveness of the technology in an uncertain future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-172
Number of pages16
JournalSustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Carbon capture
District heating
Decision making
Cooling
Biomass
Reforestation
Pumps
Pilot plants
Costs
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • BECCS
  • Bio-CLC
  • Cogeneration
  • District heating
  • Robust decision-making

Cite this

@article{7a8adcd842d442d88072b0eb2f7cc71f,
title = "Robust decision making analysis of BECCS (bio-CLC)in a district heating and cooling grid",
abstract = "Additional investments to negative emission technologies, such as reforestation or bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), are required to achieve Paris Agreement targets. Chemical-looping combustion of biomass (Bio-CLC)is an under-the-development combustion technology that could provide relatively low cost negative CO2 emissions. We modelled Bio-CLC units as a part of a city-level district heating and cooling (DHC)grid based on literature and our experimental work with Bio-CLC pilot plants. We applied robust decision-making (RDM)to identify preconditions that favour Bio-CLC over certain competing investment options. In the selected case study, a Bio-CLC unit had a 50{\%} chance to be profitable (10{\%} Internal rate of return or better)around the level of 10 €/tCO2 net income from captured bio-CO2. If the net income from captured bio-CO2 was below 10 €/tCO2, as currently, large heat pumps with COP of 3.5 were the most robust of the studied investment options. Traditional bio-CHP performed better than large heat pumps only when electricity market price was above 50 €/MWh and biomass price below 20 €/MWh. Performed RDM analysis provides a systemic background for both technology developers and DHC operators when considering the competitiveness of the technology in an uncertain future.",
keywords = "BECCS, Bio-CLC, Cogeneration, District heating, Robust decision-making",
author = "Lindroos, {Tomi J.} and Magnus Ryd{\'e}n and {\O}yvind Lang{\o}rgen and Esa Pursiheimo and Toni Pikkarainen",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.seta.2019.05.005",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "157--172",
journal = "Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments",
issn = "2213-1388",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Robust decision making analysis of BECCS (bio-CLC)in a district heating and cooling grid. / Lindroos, Tomi J. (Corresponding Author); Rydén, Magnus; Langørgen, Øyvind; Pursiheimo, Esa; Pikkarainen, Toni.

In: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, Vol. 34, 2019, p. 157-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Robust decision making analysis of BECCS (bio-CLC)in a district heating and cooling grid

AU - Lindroos, Tomi J.

AU - Rydén, Magnus

AU - Langørgen, Øyvind

AU - Pursiheimo, Esa

AU - Pikkarainen, Toni

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Additional investments to negative emission technologies, such as reforestation or bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), are required to achieve Paris Agreement targets. Chemical-looping combustion of biomass (Bio-CLC)is an under-the-development combustion technology that could provide relatively low cost negative CO2 emissions. We modelled Bio-CLC units as a part of a city-level district heating and cooling (DHC)grid based on literature and our experimental work with Bio-CLC pilot plants. We applied robust decision-making (RDM)to identify preconditions that favour Bio-CLC over certain competing investment options. In the selected case study, a Bio-CLC unit had a 50% chance to be profitable (10% Internal rate of return or better)around the level of 10 €/tCO2 net income from captured bio-CO2. If the net income from captured bio-CO2 was below 10 €/tCO2, as currently, large heat pumps with COP of 3.5 were the most robust of the studied investment options. Traditional bio-CHP performed better than large heat pumps only when electricity market price was above 50 €/MWh and biomass price below 20 €/MWh. Performed RDM analysis provides a systemic background for both technology developers and DHC operators when considering the competitiveness of the technology in an uncertain future.

AB - Additional investments to negative emission technologies, such as reforestation or bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), are required to achieve Paris Agreement targets. Chemical-looping combustion of biomass (Bio-CLC)is an under-the-development combustion technology that could provide relatively low cost negative CO2 emissions. We modelled Bio-CLC units as a part of a city-level district heating and cooling (DHC)grid based on literature and our experimental work with Bio-CLC pilot plants. We applied robust decision-making (RDM)to identify preconditions that favour Bio-CLC over certain competing investment options. In the selected case study, a Bio-CLC unit had a 50% chance to be profitable (10% Internal rate of return or better)around the level of 10 €/tCO2 net income from captured bio-CO2. If the net income from captured bio-CO2 was below 10 €/tCO2, as currently, large heat pumps with COP of 3.5 were the most robust of the studied investment options. Traditional bio-CHP performed better than large heat pumps only when electricity market price was above 50 €/MWh and biomass price below 20 €/MWh. Performed RDM analysis provides a systemic background for both technology developers and DHC operators when considering the competitiveness of the technology in an uncertain future.

KW - BECCS

KW - Bio-CLC

KW - Cogeneration

KW - District heating

KW - Robust decision-making

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066087182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.seta.2019.05.005

DO - 10.1016/j.seta.2019.05.005

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 157

EP - 172

JO - Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments

JF - Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments

SN - 2213-1388

ER -