Greenhouse impacts of alternative municipal waste management chains are assessed. The considered alternative chains consisted of landfilling, landfill gas recovery and flaring or energy production, biological treatment and incineration of wastes. The most favourable options to limit the greenhouse impact due to waste management are those that minimize the methane emissions to the atmosphere and those that reduce the greenhouse impact even further by replacing fossil fuels in energy production.
Pipatti, R., & Savolainen, I. (1996). Role of energy production in the control of greenhouse gas emissions from waste management. Energy Conversion and Management, 37(6-8), 1105-1110. https://doi.org/10.1016/0196-8904(95)00305-3