Role of power to liquids and biomass to liquids in a nearly renewable energy system

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In order to achieve significant greenhouse gas emission reductions, decarbonisation of all economic sectors must be considered. Here, the authors study the provision of renewable energy for the power, district heating, transport and industrial sectors in nine North European countries by integrating a large amount of wind and solar power into the system with power-togas and power-to-fuel plants enabling balancing and sector coupling. Simultaneous optimisation of plant capacities and operation was performed. Two different synthetic liquid fuel production pathways were compared. The cost of synthetic liquid fuel remained, depending on the production pathway and amount, 30–120% higher than estimated fossil alternative cost. Biomass potential emerged as a limiting factor with high shares of biomass-based synthetic liquid fuel production. The need for energy storage system was estimated. The total optimal capacity of synthetic natural gas, hydrogen, synthetic liquid fuel, and heat storages varied between 37 and 54 TWh (1.7–2.5% of energy demand) depending on the scenario, when emergency stocks were not included. The cost of energy storages remained small compared to the total system cost, with heat storages exhibiting the highest cost.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1179-1189
    Number of pages11
    JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
    Volume13
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Synthetic fuels
    Liquid fuels
    Biomass
    Liquids
    Heat storage
    Costs
    Energy storage
    Decarbonization
    Fuel storage
    District heating
    Gas emissions
    Greenhouse gases
    Solar energy
    Wind power
    Natural gas
    Hydrogen
    Economics

    Keywords

    • air pollution
    • air pollution control
    • fossil fuels
    • natural gas technology
    • bioenergy conversion
    • biofuel
    • renewable energy sources

    Cite this

    @article{d79a45c53c1548c990de41b97490418f,
    title = "Role of power to liquids and biomass to liquids in a nearly renewable energy system",
    abstract = "In order to achieve significant greenhouse gas emission reductions, decarbonisation of all economic sectors must be considered. Here, the authors study the provision of renewable energy for the power, district heating, transport and industrial sectors in nine North European countries by integrating a large amount of wind and solar power into the system with power-togas and power-to-fuel plants enabling balancing and sector coupling. Simultaneous optimisation of plant capacities and operation was performed. Two different synthetic liquid fuel production pathways were compared. The cost of synthetic liquid fuel remained, depending on the production pathway and amount, 30–120{\%} higher than estimated fossil alternative cost. Biomass potential emerged as a limiting factor with high shares of biomass-based synthetic liquid fuel production. The need for energy storage system was estimated. The total optimal capacity of synthetic natural gas, hydrogen, synthetic liquid fuel, and heat storages varied between 37 and 54 TWh (1.7–2.5{\%} of energy demand) depending on the scenario, when emergency stocks were not included. The cost of energy storages remained small compared to the total system cost, with heat storages exhibiting the highest cost.",
    keywords = "air pollution, air pollution control, fossil fuels, natural gas technology, bioenergy conversion, biofuel, renewable energy sources",
    author = "Jussi Ik{\"a}heimo and Esa Pursiheimo and Juha Kiviluoma and Hannele Holttinen",
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    Role of power to liquids and biomass to liquids in a nearly renewable energy system. / Ikäheimo, Jussi; Pursiheimo, Esa; Kiviluoma, Juha; Holttinen, Hannele.

    In: IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 13, No. 7, 09.05.2019, p. 1179-1189.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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