Role of the interdomain linker peptide of Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I in its interaction with crystalline cellulose

Malee Srisodsuk, T. Reinikainen, M. Penttila, Tuula T. Teeri

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154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), the major component of Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic system, is comprised of a catalytic core domain joined to a cellulose binding-domain (CBD) by an extended O-glycosylated interdomain linker peptide. Two internal deletions were introduced to the linker in order to investigate its function particularly in the hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose. Deletion of the first one-third of the linker, including a putative hinge region, reduces the binding capacity of CBH I in high enzyme coverage but does not affect its enzymatic activity on crystalline cellulose. The longer deletion removing practically all of the linker dramatically reduces the rate of crystalline cellulose degradation even though the enzyme still binds to the substrate. We conclude that sufficient spatial separation of the two domains is required for efficient function of CBH I. It is evident that the presence of a functional CBD is increasingly important for CBH I toward higher enzyme to cellulose ratios. Our data suggest that the putative hinge removed by the first deletion facilitates CBD-driven binding and dense packing of the wild type enzyme on the cellulose surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20756-20761
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume268
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase
Trichoderma
Cellulose
Crystalline materials
Peptides
Enzymes
Hinges
Catalytic Domain
Hydrolysis
Degradation

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abstract = "Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), the major component of Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic system, is comprised of a catalytic core domain joined to a cellulose binding-domain (CBD) by an extended O-glycosylated interdomain linker peptide. Two internal deletions were introduced to the linker in order to investigate its function particularly in the hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose. Deletion of the first one-third of the linker, including a putative hinge region, reduces the binding capacity of CBH I in high enzyme coverage but does not affect its enzymatic activity on crystalline cellulose. The longer deletion removing practically all of the linker dramatically reduces the rate of crystalline cellulose degradation even though the enzyme still binds to the substrate. We conclude that sufficient spatial separation of the two domains is required for efficient function of CBH I. It is evident that the presence of a functional CBD is increasingly important for CBH I toward higher enzyme to cellulose ratios. Our data suggest that the putative hinge removed by the first deletion facilitates CBD-driven binding and dense packing of the wild type enzyme on the cellulose surface.",
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Role of the interdomain linker peptide of Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I in its interaction with crystalline cellulose. / Srisodsuk, Malee; Reinikainen, T.; Penttila, M.; Teeri, Tuula T.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 268, No. 28, 01.01.1993, p. 20756-20761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Role of the interdomain linker peptide of Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I in its interaction with crystalline cellulose

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AU - Reinikainen, T.

AU - Penttila, M.

AU - Teeri, Tuula T.

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N2 - Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), the major component of Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic system, is comprised of a catalytic core domain joined to a cellulose binding-domain (CBD) by an extended O-glycosylated interdomain linker peptide. Two internal deletions were introduced to the linker in order to investigate its function particularly in the hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose. Deletion of the first one-third of the linker, including a putative hinge region, reduces the binding capacity of CBH I in high enzyme coverage but does not affect its enzymatic activity on crystalline cellulose. The longer deletion removing practically all of the linker dramatically reduces the rate of crystalline cellulose degradation even though the enzyme still binds to the substrate. We conclude that sufficient spatial separation of the two domains is required for efficient function of CBH I. It is evident that the presence of a functional CBD is increasingly important for CBH I toward higher enzyme to cellulose ratios. Our data suggest that the putative hinge removed by the first deletion facilitates CBD-driven binding and dense packing of the wild type enzyme on the cellulose surface.

AB - Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), the major component of Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic system, is comprised of a catalytic core domain joined to a cellulose binding-domain (CBD) by an extended O-glycosylated interdomain linker peptide. Two internal deletions were introduced to the linker in order to investigate its function particularly in the hydrolysis of crystalline cellulose. Deletion of the first one-third of the linker, including a putative hinge region, reduces the binding capacity of CBH I in high enzyme coverage but does not affect its enzymatic activity on crystalline cellulose. The longer deletion removing practically all of the linker dramatically reduces the rate of crystalline cellulose degradation even though the enzyme still binds to the substrate. We conclude that sufficient spatial separation of the two domains is required for efficient function of CBH I. It is evident that the presence of a functional CBD is increasingly important for CBH I toward higher enzyme to cellulose ratios. Our data suggest that the putative hinge removed by the first deletion facilitates CBD-driven binding and dense packing of the wild type enzyme on the cellulose surface.

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