Rotation Point and KJC Estimations for Miniature CT-Specimens Based on Off-Load Line Displacement

Matti Valo, Tapio Planman, Kim Wallin

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    In fracture toughness tests, the energy absorbed by the specimen is calculated from load versus load point displacement data. If tests are made with small CT-specimens, direct measurement of load point displacement is often not possible due to small specimen dimensions; subsequently, specimen displacement is measured on the front face of the specimen. The measured displacement is transferred into load point displacement with the help of a geometric rotation point concept. The measurements were performed with miniature CT-specimens of dimensions B = 4 mm, W = 8 mm having the integral clip seated on the specimen front face. The location of the rotation point was concluded from the measured initial compliance by applying the rotation point values of r = 0.5 and r = 0.13 and by comparing the calculated crack lengths with the measured crack lengths. The value of r = 0.5 was observed to be too high and the value r = 0.13 produced the measured crack lengths accurately. A linear combination of elastic and plastic deformations is proposed to be used for calculating the location of the rotation point outside the elastic loading range. The load line load–displacement curves were derived and the measured KJC-values were calculated with the assumptions r = 0.5 and with the linear combination described in the paper. The linear combination believed to be more relevant than the value r = 0.5 resulted in lower KJC-values than r = 0.5. However, the difference was only about 1.6 % in KJC-values, which changes the T0 values approximately by 1°C. Hence, the measured KJC-values are not sensitive to the exact location of the rotation point used in the analysis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSmall Specimen Test Techniques
    PublisherAmerican Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
    ISBN (Print)978-0-8031-7597-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event6th International Symposium on Small Specimen Test Techniques - Houston, United States
    Duration: 29 Jan 201431 Jan 2014
    Conference number: 6

    Publication series

    SeriesASTM Selected Technical Papers


    Conference6th International Symposium on Small Specimen Test Techniques
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


    • fracture toughness test
    • miniature CT specimen
    • off-load line deflection
    • rotation point


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