Safe pedestrian crossings for children and elderly

Lars Leden (Corresponding Author), Per Gårder, Charlotta Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In May 2000, the Swedish code governing the conduct of drivers at marked crosswalks became stricter with the intent to improve safety and mobility for pedestrians. A crash analysis based on a macro study of all of Sweden suggests that the injury risk in marked, not reconstructed, crosswalks increased by 27% for pedestrians and 19% for bicyclists. The reason for this may be that pedestrians get a false sense of safety with the new code. Reconstructions aiming at lowering speeds are indeed needed for the change of code to be positive. The 90-percentile speed should not exceed 30 km/h or safety will deteriorate.

However, low speed by itself may not guarantee optimal safety. Safety can be further improved at sites, which already have been reconstructed to ensure low speeds. Results based on field data collected at sites close to schools in Malmö, Trollhättan and Borås in Sweden, and in-depth studies and other analyses of Finnish and Swedish police-reported crashes, suggest that safety of children and elderly is further improved at sites where visibility, orientation and clarity are sufficient. Also, marking crosswalks may increase yield rates (expected improvement 6%) towards pedestrians; and speed cushions situated at a longer distance from the marked crosswalk increase yield rates towards pedestrians and cyclists compared to speed cushions closer by.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-294
Number of pages6
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Crosswalks
pedestrian
Safety
Sweden
Police
Law enforcement
Visibility
Macros
Pedestrians
guarantee
police
reconstruction
driver
Wounds and Injuries
school

Keywords

  • traffic safety
  • mobility
  • child
  • elderly
  • pedestrian
  • cyclist
  • behavior
  • road design
  • speed reducing devices
  • speed cushions
  • visibility
  • orientation
  • clarity

Cite this

Leden, Lars ; Gårder, Per ; Johansson, Charlotta. / Safe pedestrian crossings for children and elderly. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2006 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 289-294.
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Safe pedestrian crossings for children and elderly. / Leden, Lars (Corresponding Author); Gårder, Per; Johansson, Charlotta.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2006, p. 289-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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