Safety aspect in constructability analysis with BIM

Kristiina Sulankivi, M Tauriainen, Markku Kiviniemi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    Constructability assessment and safety planning is mostly based on 2D-drawings and other paper documents, but use of BIM (Building Information Modelling) for both of these are increasing trends. The purpose of this paper is to describe the most promising possibilities of using BIM in improving both constructability review and safety planning processes, and to clarify the relationship of constructability and safety. The paper is a result of analysis made related to previous work carried out by two research teams, one focusing previously on developing BIM-based safety planning, and the other one clarifying the concept of constructability and possibilities of BIM, as well as developing BIM-based constructability review process and co-operation between designers and contractors. Using the new approach the common targets and means of using BIM for safety or constructability purposes were identified, as well as common development needs and possibilities in order to use models more efficiently in the future. Construction safety has been found to be one attribute of constructability, safety of precast concrete frame assembly being one of the most important issues. A common hypothesis is that BIM can be used to promote site safety improving also constructability, and vice versa. BIM can be used for design, planning and review purposes carried out by one party, but also to measure constructability and to support team work between design and construction parties. BIM enables visualization of schedule including installation of permanent building parts and temporary safety arrangements before the real construction process. The results provide information to the building construction industry about the possibilities of BIM in promoting both constructability and safety, and as a result improving and streamlining the site processes especially in the frame construction phase
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCIB W099 International Health and Safety Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationAchieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety
    EditorsRadhlinah Aulin, Åsa Ek
    Place of PublicationLund
    PublisherLund University
    ISBN (Print)978-91-7623-005-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventCIB W099 International Conference Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety - Lund, Sweden
    Duration: 2 Jun 20143 Jun 2014


    ConferenceCIB W099 International Conference Achieving Sustainable Construction Health and Safety
    Abbreviated titleCIB W099


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