Safety case methodology for nuclear waste disposal - possible update considerations for Finnish usage

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    The report gives an introduction to the geological disposal of nuclear waste. In
    the licensing of nuclear waste disposal facilities, safety case is a widely used tool
    for the safety demonstration. Safety case methodology is described briefly
    touching e.g. its function and content. Three safety case references are
    discussed briefly, namely IAEA, OECD NEA and Posiva versions. Safety
    assessment methodology for nuclear power plants have been improved along
    lessons learned from nuclear accidents, e.g. at Fukushima. Current discussion in
    Finland is based on defence-in-depth philosophy, top-down approach, and
    views about system of systems. A Fukushima-inspired topic is institutional
    strength-in-depth. The aim of this report is to discuss whether these topics need
    to be transferred to nuclear waste management as well. Analysing safety case
    methodology vis-à-vis the four previous topics indicates that in principle all of
    them are already covered in safety case. However, the desired extent and depth
    of organisational analysis may require wider discussion in nuclear waste
    community. In current safety cases organisational questions are mostly
    discussed in scenarios and in the description of licence applicant's management
    system.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages41
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8719-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Technology
    Number364
    ISSN2242-1211

    Fingerprint

    Radioactive wastes
    Waste disposal
    Waste management
    Nuclear power plants
    Accidents
    Demonstrations

    Keywords

    • nuclear waste management
    • final disposal
    • long-term safety
    • Safety case
    • overall safety
    • Defence-in-depth
    • organisational aspects

    Cite this

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    title = "Safety case methodology for nuclear waste disposal - possible update considerations for Finnish usage",
    abstract = "The report gives an introduction to the geological disposal of nuclear waste. Inthe licensing of nuclear waste disposal facilities, safety case is a widely used toolfor the safety demonstration. Safety case methodology is described brieflytouching e.g. its function and content. Three safety case references arediscussed briefly, namely IAEA, OECD NEA and Posiva versions. Safetyassessment methodology for nuclear power plants have been improved alonglessons learned from nuclear accidents, e.g. at Fukushima. Current discussion inFinland is based on defence-in-depth philosophy, top-down approach, andviews about system of systems. A Fukushima-inspired topic is institutionalstrength-in-depth. The aim of this report is to discuss whether these topics needto be transferred to nuclear waste management as well. Analysing safety casemethodology vis-{\`a}-vis the four previous topics indicates that in principle all ofthem are already covered in safety case. However, the desired extent and depthof organisational analysis may require wider discussion in nuclear wastecommunity. In current safety cases organisational questions are mostlydiscussed in scenarios and in the description of licence applicant's managementsystem.",
    keywords = "nuclear waste management, final disposal, long-term safety, Safety case, overall safety, Defence-in-depth, organisational aspects",
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    year = "2019",
    doi = "10.32040/2242-122X.2019.T364",
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