Safety management systems: Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation

Arto Kuusisto

Research output: ThesisDissertation

Abstract

Safety auditing is a systematic method to evaluate a company's safety management system. This work concentrates on evaluating the reliability of some safety audit tools. Firstly, the factors affecting reliability in auditing are clarified. Secondly, the inter-observer reliability of one of the audit tools is tested. This was done using an audit method, known as the D&S method, in six industrial companies in the USA, and in three companies in Finland. Finally, a new improved audit method called MISHA was developed, and its reliability was tested in two industrial companies. The results of the work show that safety audit tools do not ensure reliable and valid audit results. The auditor's expertise in the field of health and safety is particularly important when the company's compliance with the legal requirements is evaluated. A reasonably high reliability in the use of the D&S can be achieved when the auditor is familiar with the audit tool, the national legislation, and the company's culture. The MISHA method gives more reliable results than D&S when the auditor is not trained. On the other hand, it seems that the D&S is more reliable when the auditor is a trained expert. Some differences were found between the companies in the USA and in Finland. The organization and administration of safety activities was at a somewhat higher level among the companies in the USA. Industrial hazard control, as well as the control of fire hazards and industrial hygiene were at a high level in all companies in both countries. Most dispersion occurred in supervision, participation, motivation, and training activities. Finally, accident investigation and analysis were significantly better arranged among the companies in the USA. The results are in line with the findings of the literature survey on national differences in safety management procedures.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • Tampere University of Technology (TUT)
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Karwowski, Waldemar, Supervisor, External person
Award date10 Jan 2001
Place of PublicationEspoo
Publisher
Print ISBNs951-38-5594-5
Electronic ISBNs951-38-5595-3
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Fingerprint

Safety management
Audit
Management system
Auditing
Safety
Auditors
Finland
Hazard
Factors
Accidents
Participation
Literature survey
Hygiene
Supervision
Observer
Legislation
Auditor expertise
Health and safety

Keywords

  • hazard control
  • safety audit
  • safety management

Cite this

Kuusisto, A. (2000). Safety management systems: Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.
Kuusisto, Arto. / Safety management systems : Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 222 p.
@phdthesis{8bcbfdcb5c7846a59e698dd5c6130d68,
title = "Safety management systems: Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation",
abstract = "Safety auditing is a systematic method to evaluate a company's safety management system. This work concentrates on evaluating the reliability of some safety audit tools. Firstly, the factors affecting reliability in auditing are clarified. Secondly, the inter-observer reliability of one of the audit tools is tested. This was done using an audit method, known as the D&S method, in six industrial companies in the USA, and in three companies in Finland. Finally, a new improved audit method called MISHA was developed, and its reliability was tested in two industrial companies. The results of the work show that safety audit tools do not ensure reliable and valid audit results. The auditor's expertise in the field of health and safety is particularly important when the company's compliance with the legal requirements is evaluated. A reasonably high reliability in the use of the D&S can be achieved when the auditor is familiar with the audit tool, the national legislation, and the company's culture. The MISHA method gives more reliable results than D&S when the auditor is not trained. On the other hand, it seems that the D&S is more reliable when the auditor is a trained expert. Some differences were found between the companies in the USA and in Finland. The organization and administration of safety activities was at a somewhat higher level among the companies in the USA. Industrial hazard control, as well as the control of fire hazards and industrial hygiene were at a high level in all companies in both countries. Most dispersion occurred in supervision, participation, motivation, and training activities. Finally, accident investigation and analysis were significantly better arranged among the companies in the USA. The results are in line with the findings of the literature survey on national differences in safety management procedures.",
keywords = "hazard control, safety audit, safety management",
author = "Arto Kuusisto",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-5594-5",
series = "VTT Publications",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "428",
address = "Finland",
school = "Tampere University of Technology (TUT)",

}

Kuusisto, A 2000, 'Safety management systems: Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation', Doctor Degree, Tampere University of Technology (TUT), Espoo.

Safety management systems : Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation. / Kuusisto, Arto.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 222 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertation

TY - THES

T1 - Safety management systems

T2 - Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation

AU - Kuusisto, Arto

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Safety auditing is a systematic method to evaluate a company's safety management system. This work concentrates on evaluating the reliability of some safety audit tools. Firstly, the factors affecting reliability in auditing are clarified. Secondly, the inter-observer reliability of one of the audit tools is tested. This was done using an audit method, known as the D&S method, in six industrial companies in the USA, and in three companies in Finland. Finally, a new improved audit method called MISHA was developed, and its reliability was tested in two industrial companies. The results of the work show that safety audit tools do not ensure reliable and valid audit results. The auditor's expertise in the field of health and safety is particularly important when the company's compliance with the legal requirements is evaluated. A reasonably high reliability in the use of the D&S can be achieved when the auditor is familiar with the audit tool, the national legislation, and the company's culture. The MISHA method gives more reliable results than D&S when the auditor is not trained. On the other hand, it seems that the D&S is more reliable when the auditor is a trained expert. Some differences were found between the companies in the USA and in Finland. The organization and administration of safety activities was at a somewhat higher level among the companies in the USA. Industrial hazard control, as well as the control of fire hazards and industrial hygiene were at a high level in all companies in both countries. Most dispersion occurred in supervision, participation, motivation, and training activities. Finally, accident investigation and analysis were significantly better arranged among the companies in the USA. The results are in line with the findings of the literature survey on national differences in safety management procedures.

AB - Safety auditing is a systematic method to evaluate a company's safety management system. This work concentrates on evaluating the reliability of some safety audit tools. Firstly, the factors affecting reliability in auditing are clarified. Secondly, the inter-observer reliability of one of the audit tools is tested. This was done using an audit method, known as the D&S method, in six industrial companies in the USA, and in three companies in Finland. Finally, a new improved audit method called MISHA was developed, and its reliability was tested in two industrial companies. The results of the work show that safety audit tools do not ensure reliable and valid audit results. The auditor's expertise in the field of health and safety is particularly important when the company's compliance with the legal requirements is evaluated. A reasonably high reliability in the use of the D&S can be achieved when the auditor is familiar with the audit tool, the national legislation, and the company's culture. The MISHA method gives more reliable results than D&S when the auditor is not trained. On the other hand, it seems that the D&S is more reliable when the auditor is a trained expert. Some differences were found between the companies in the USA and in Finland. The organization and administration of safety activities was at a somewhat higher level among the companies in the USA. Industrial hazard control, as well as the control of fire hazards and industrial hygiene were at a high level in all companies in both countries. Most dispersion occurred in supervision, participation, motivation, and training activities. Finally, accident investigation and analysis were significantly better arranged among the companies in the USA. The results are in line with the findings of the literature survey on national differences in safety management procedures.

KW - hazard control

KW - safety audit

KW - safety management

M3 - Dissertation

SN - 951-38-5594-5

T3 - VTT Publications

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Kuusisto A. Safety management systems: Audit tools and reliability of auditing: Dissertation. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 222 p.