Safety measures against railway trespass

Grigore Havarneanu, Jean-Marie Burkhardt, Anne Silla

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    Abstract

    Background: Trespassing behaviour is a key problem for railway safety because it leads to train-pedestrian collisions with severe consequences both for the victims and the railway companies. Trespassing accidents refer to involuntary collisions between a train and a person whose presence on the railway lines is unauthorised. Such accidents result from the violation of the safety rules by pedestrians. Various measures have been proposed to reduce trespassing behaviour, but there are still no systematic reviews of such interventions, nor any integrated classification of these safety measures. Objective: Therefore, this study aims to review the literature on the prevention of trespass in order to provide a summary of the papers which bring evidence for the effectiveness of safety measures and provide a list of recommended measures for the prevention of trespass which require additional testing in future research programs. Method: The scientific English literature focused on the topic of railway trespass was screened and only official publications were selected for the systematic review: original published articles (empirical or theoretical), research reports and proceedings. The analysis focused on the core characteristics of the publications and the detailed information concerning the effectiveness of measures. Results: The results revealed clear categories of recommended safety measures but very few empirical studies which bring evidence for the effectiveness of measures. Most publications bring indirect evidence based on long term accident statistics (e.g., injury data) or relatively general recommendations concerning the implementation of measures against trespass. Discussion: The discussion is focused on (a) the combination of measures in order to reinforce the effect on behaviour, (b) the efficiency of safety measures on different types of trespassers, in different countries, in different locations or railway environments, and (c) the need for a behavioural theoretical framework applied to rail context.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014 - Paris, France
    Duration: 8 Jul 201413 Jul 2014
    Conference number: 28

    Conference

    Conference28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014
    Abbreviated titleICAP 2014
    CountryFrance
    CityParis
    Period8/07/1413/07/14

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    Accidents
    Rails
    Statistics
    Testing
    Industry

    Keywords

    • railway trespassing
    • violation
    • preventative measure
    • review

    Cite this

    Havarneanu, G., Burkhardt, J-M., & Silla, A. (2014). Safety measures against railway trespass. Paper presented at 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014, Paris, France.
    Havarneanu, Grigore ; Burkhardt, Jean-Marie ; Silla, Anne. / Safety measures against railway trespass. Paper presented at 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014, Paris, France.
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    title = "Safety measures against railway trespass",
    abstract = "Background: Trespassing behaviour is a key problem for railway safety because it leads to train-pedestrian collisions with severe consequences both for the victims and the railway companies. Trespassing accidents refer to involuntary collisions between a train and a person whose presence on the railway lines is unauthorised. Such accidents result from the violation of the safety rules by pedestrians. Various measures have been proposed to reduce trespassing behaviour, but there are still no systematic reviews of such interventions, nor any integrated classification of these safety measures. Objective: Therefore, this study aims to review the literature on the prevention of trespass in order to provide a summary of the papers which bring evidence for the effectiveness of safety measures and provide a list of recommended measures for the prevention of trespass which require additional testing in future research programs. Method: The scientific English literature focused on the topic of railway trespass was screened and only official publications were selected for the systematic review: original published articles (empirical or theoretical), research reports and proceedings. The analysis focused on the core characteristics of the publications and the detailed information concerning the effectiveness of measures. Results: The results revealed clear categories of recommended safety measures but very few empirical studies which bring evidence for the effectiveness of measures. Most publications bring indirect evidence based on long term accident statistics (e.g., injury data) or relatively general recommendations concerning the implementation of measures against trespass. Discussion: The discussion is focused on (a) the combination of measures in order to reinforce the effect on behaviour, (b) the efficiency of safety measures on different types of trespassers, in different countries, in different locations or railway environments, and (c) the need for a behavioural theoretical framework applied to rail context.",
    keywords = "railway trespassing, violation, preventative measure, review",
    author = "Grigore Havarneanu and Jean-Marie Burkhardt and Anne Silla",
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    Havarneanu, G, Burkhardt, J-M & Silla, A 2014, 'Safety measures against railway trespass', Paper presented at 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014, Paris, France, 8/07/14 - 13/07/14.

    Safety measures against railway trespass. / Havarneanu, Grigore; Burkhardt, Jean-Marie; Silla, Anne.

    2014. Paper presented at 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014, Paris, France.

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientific

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Safety measures against railway trespass

    AU - Havarneanu, Grigore

    AU - Burkhardt, Jean-Marie

    AU - Silla, Anne

    N1 - CA2: BA2144

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Background: Trespassing behaviour is a key problem for railway safety because it leads to train-pedestrian collisions with severe consequences both for the victims and the railway companies. Trespassing accidents refer to involuntary collisions between a train and a person whose presence on the railway lines is unauthorised. Such accidents result from the violation of the safety rules by pedestrians. Various measures have been proposed to reduce trespassing behaviour, but there are still no systematic reviews of such interventions, nor any integrated classification of these safety measures. Objective: Therefore, this study aims to review the literature on the prevention of trespass in order to provide a summary of the papers which bring evidence for the effectiveness of safety measures and provide a list of recommended measures for the prevention of trespass which require additional testing in future research programs. Method: The scientific English literature focused on the topic of railway trespass was screened and only official publications were selected for the systematic review: original published articles (empirical or theoretical), research reports and proceedings. The analysis focused on the core characteristics of the publications and the detailed information concerning the effectiveness of measures. Results: The results revealed clear categories of recommended safety measures but very few empirical studies which bring evidence for the effectiveness of measures. Most publications bring indirect evidence based on long term accident statistics (e.g., injury data) or relatively general recommendations concerning the implementation of measures against trespass. Discussion: The discussion is focused on (a) the combination of measures in order to reinforce the effect on behaviour, (b) the efficiency of safety measures on different types of trespassers, in different countries, in different locations or railway environments, and (c) the need for a behavioural theoretical framework applied to rail context.

    AB - Background: Trespassing behaviour is a key problem for railway safety because it leads to train-pedestrian collisions with severe consequences both for the victims and the railway companies. Trespassing accidents refer to involuntary collisions between a train and a person whose presence on the railway lines is unauthorised. Such accidents result from the violation of the safety rules by pedestrians. Various measures have been proposed to reduce trespassing behaviour, but there are still no systematic reviews of such interventions, nor any integrated classification of these safety measures. Objective: Therefore, this study aims to review the literature on the prevention of trespass in order to provide a summary of the papers which bring evidence for the effectiveness of safety measures and provide a list of recommended measures for the prevention of trespass which require additional testing in future research programs. Method: The scientific English literature focused on the topic of railway trespass was screened and only official publications were selected for the systematic review: original published articles (empirical or theoretical), research reports and proceedings. The analysis focused on the core characteristics of the publications and the detailed information concerning the effectiveness of measures. Results: The results revealed clear categories of recommended safety measures but very few empirical studies which bring evidence for the effectiveness of measures. Most publications bring indirect evidence based on long term accident statistics (e.g., injury data) or relatively general recommendations concerning the implementation of measures against trespass. Discussion: The discussion is focused on (a) the combination of measures in order to reinforce the effect on behaviour, (b) the efficiency of safety measures on different types of trespassers, in different countries, in different locations or railway environments, and (c) the need for a behavioural theoretical framework applied to rail context.

    KW - railway trespassing

    KW - violation

    KW - preventative measure

    KW - review

    M3 - Conference article

    ER -

    Havarneanu G, Burkhardt J-M, Silla A. Safety measures against railway trespass. 2014. Paper presented at 28th International Congress of Applied Psychology, ICAP 2014, Paris, France.