Safety testing of Bacillus thuringiensis preparations, including thuringiensin, using the Salmonella assay

Gunnel Carlberg, Leena Tikkanen, A. Abdel-Hameed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientific

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to test genotoxicity aspects of the safety of two strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. The strains were of serotype H-1, producing thuringiensin, toxic to flies, and serotype H-14, producing endotoxin, toxic to mosquitoes, but not thuringiensin.
Four preparations were tested: Tenfold concentrated cell-free culture media of serotypes H-1 and H-14, prepurified thuringiensin, and purified endotoxin. No increases in revertant colony numbers of the tester strains of Salmonella typhimurium TA98 or TA100 were observed at the dose levels used with or without metabolic activation. Infrequent slight increases in revertant colony numbers in strains TA98 and TA1538 at a very high test dose of 50 mg/plate, both in the presence and absence of thuringiensin, were probably caused by histidine present in the growth medium of B. thuringiensis.
Furthermore, the effects were at most slightly dose related and not reproducible, and therefore the preparations can be considered nonmutagenic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-71
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeB1 Article in a scientific magazine

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thuringiensin
safety testing
Bacillus thuringiensis
Salmonella
assay
safety
serotypes
assays
endotoxins
dosage
culture media
genotoxicity
mosquito
histidine
Salmonella Typhimurium
Culicidae
testing
dose
salmonella
test

Cite this

Carlberg, Gunnel ; Tikkanen, Leena ; Abdel-Hameed, A. / Safety testing of Bacillus thuringiensis preparations, including thuringiensin, using the Salmonella assay. In: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology. 1995 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 68-71.
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abstract = "The aim of this study was to test genotoxicity aspects of the safety of two strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. The strains were of serotype H-1, producing thuringiensin, toxic to flies, and serotype H-14, producing endotoxin, toxic to mosquitoes, but not thuringiensin. Four preparations were tested: Tenfold concentrated cell-free culture media of serotypes H-1 and H-14, prepurified thuringiensin, and purified endotoxin. No increases in revertant colony numbers of the tester strains of Salmonella typhimurium TA98 or TA100 were observed at the dose levels used with or without metabolic activation. Infrequent slight increases in revertant colony numbers in strains TA98 and TA1538 at a very high test dose of 50 mg/plate, both in the presence and absence of thuringiensin, were probably caused by histidine present in the growth medium of B. thuringiensis. Furthermore, the effects were at most slightly dose related and not reproducible, and therefore the preparations can be considered nonmutagenic.",
author = "Gunnel Carlberg and Leena Tikkanen and A. Abdel-Hameed",
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Safety testing of Bacillus thuringiensis preparations, including thuringiensin, using the Salmonella assay. / Carlberg, Gunnel; Tikkanen, Leena; Abdel-Hameed, A.

In: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 1995, p. 68-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientific

TY - JOUR

T1 - Safety testing of Bacillus thuringiensis preparations, including thuringiensin, using the Salmonella assay

AU - Carlberg, Gunnel

AU - Tikkanen, Leena

AU - Abdel-Hameed, A.

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Y1 - 1995

N2 - The aim of this study was to test genotoxicity aspects of the safety of two strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. The strains were of serotype H-1, producing thuringiensin, toxic to flies, and serotype H-14, producing endotoxin, toxic to mosquitoes, but not thuringiensin. Four preparations were tested: Tenfold concentrated cell-free culture media of serotypes H-1 and H-14, prepurified thuringiensin, and purified endotoxin. No increases in revertant colony numbers of the tester strains of Salmonella typhimurium TA98 or TA100 were observed at the dose levels used with or without metabolic activation. Infrequent slight increases in revertant colony numbers in strains TA98 and TA1538 at a very high test dose of 50 mg/plate, both in the presence and absence of thuringiensin, were probably caused by histidine present in the growth medium of B. thuringiensis. Furthermore, the effects were at most slightly dose related and not reproducible, and therefore the preparations can be considered nonmutagenic.

AB - The aim of this study was to test genotoxicity aspects of the safety of two strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. The strains were of serotype H-1, producing thuringiensin, toxic to flies, and serotype H-14, producing endotoxin, toxic to mosquitoes, but not thuringiensin. Four preparations were tested: Tenfold concentrated cell-free culture media of serotypes H-1 and H-14, prepurified thuringiensin, and purified endotoxin. No increases in revertant colony numbers of the tester strains of Salmonella typhimurium TA98 or TA100 were observed at the dose levels used with or without metabolic activation. Infrequent slight increases in revertant colony numbers in strains TA98 and TA1538 at a very high test dose of 50 mg/plate, both in the presence and absence of thuringiensin, were probably caused by histidine present in the growth medium of B. thuringiensis. Furthermore, the effects were at most slightly dose related and not reproducible, and therefore the preparations can be considered nonmutagenic.

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EP - 71

JO - Journal of Invertebrate Pathology

JF - Journal of Invertebrate Pathology

SN - 0022-2011

IS - 1

ER -