Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests

Yrjö Rauste, Einar-Arne Herland, Harri Frelander, Kristiina Soini, Timo Kuoremäki, Arto Ruokari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2641 - 2656
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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forest fire
boreal forest
AVHRR
sensor
prescribed burning
detection
environmental monitoring
near infrared
steel
geometry
air
summer

Cite this

Rauste, Yrjö ; Herland, Einar-Arne ; Frelander, Harri ; Soini, Kristiina ; Kuoremäki, Timo ; Ruokari, Arto. / Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests. In: International Journal of Remote Sensing. 1997 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 2641 - 2656.
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abstract = "Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.",
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Rauste, Y, Herland, E-A, Frelander, H, Soini, K, Kuoremäki, T & Ruokari, A 1997, 'Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2641 - 2656. https://doi.org/10.1080/014311697217512

Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests. / Rauste, Yrjö; Herland, Einar-Arne; Frelander, Harri; Soini, Kristiina; Kuoremäki, Timo; Ruokari, Arto.

In: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 18, No. 12, 1997, p. 2641 - 2656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests

AU - Rauste, Yrjö

AU - Herland, Einar-Arne

AU - Frelander, Harri

AU - Soini, Kristiina

AU - Kuoremäki, Timo

AU - Ruokari, Arto

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