Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests

Yrjö Rauste, Einar-Arne Herland, Harri Frelander, Kristiina Soini, Timo Kuoremäki, Arto Ruokari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2641 - 2656
    Number of pages16
    JournalInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
    Volume18
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    forest fire
    boreal forest
    AVHRR
    sensor
    prescribed burning
    detection
    environmental monitoring
    near infrared
    steel
    geometry
    air
    summer

    Cite this

    Rauste, Yrjö ; Herland, Einar-Arne ; Frelander, Harri ; Soini, Kristiina ; Kuoremäki, Timo ; Ruokari, Arto. / Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests. In: International Journal of Remote Sensing. 1997 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 2641 - 2656.
    @article{53c4214f16c04bf894afd1b5ba870b0e,
    title = "Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests",
    abstract = "Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.",
    author = "Yrj{\"o} Rauste and Einar-Arne Herland and Harri Frelander and Kristiina Soini and Timo Kuorem{\"a}ki and Arto Ruokari",
    year = "1997",
    doi = "10.1080/014311697217512",
    language = "English",
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    pages = "2641 -- 2656",
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    Rauste, Y, Herland, E-A, Frelander, H, Soini, K, Kuoremäki, T & Ruokari, A 1997, 'Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2641 - 2656. https://doi.org/10.1080/014311697217512

    Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests. / Rauste, Yrjö; Herland, Einar-Arne; Frelander, Harri; Soini, Kristiina; Kuoremäki, Timo; Ruokari, Arto.

    In: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 18, No. 12, 1997, p. 2641 - 2656.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Satellite-based forest fire detection for fire control in boreal forests

    AU - Rauste, Yrjö

    AU - Herland, Einar-Arne

    AU - Frelander, Harri

    AU - Soini, Kristiina

    AU - Kuoremäki, Timo

    AU - Ruokari, Arto

    PY - 1997

    Y1 - 1997

    N2 - Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.

    AB - Forest fires in large sparsely populated areas in the boreal forest zone are difficult to detect by ground based means. Satellites can be a viable source of information to augment air-borne reconnaissance. The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensor aboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites has been used to detect and map fires in the past mainly in the tropics and mainly for environmental monitoring purposes. This article describes real-time forest fire detection where the aim is to inform local fire authorities on the fire. The fire detection is based on the 3.7 mu m channel of the NOAA AVHRR sensor. In the fire detection algorithm, imaging geometry is taken into account in addition to the data from the near-infrared and thermal infrared channels. In an experiment in summer 1995, 16 fires were detected in Finland. One was a forest fire, 11 were prescribed burnings and 4 false alarms. Three of the false alarms were due to steel factories. We conclude that satellite-based fire detection for fire control is feasible in the boreal forest zone if the continuous supply of frequent middle-infrared data can be guaranteed in the future.

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