Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules

T.R. Andersen, H.F. Dam, M. Hösel, M. Helgesen, J.E. Carle, T.T. Larsen-Olsen, S.A. Gevorgyan, J.W. Andreasen, J. Adams, N. Li, F. achui, G.D. Spyropoulos, T. Ameri, N. Lemaitre, M. Legros, A. Scheel, D. Gaiser, K. Kreul, S. Berny, O.R. Lozman & 7 others Sirpa Nordman, Marja Välimäki, Marja Vilkman, R.R. Søndergaard, M. Jørgensen, C.J. Brabec, F.C. Krebs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inline printing and coating methods have been demonstrated to enable a high technical yield of fully roll-to-roll processed polymer tandem solar cell modules. We demonstrate generality by employing different material sets and also describe how the ink systems must be carefully co-developed in order to reach the ambitious objective of a fully printed and coated 14-layer flexible tandem solar cell stack. The roll-to-roll methodologies involved are flexographic printing, rotary screen printing, slot-die coating, X-ray scattering, electrical testing and UV-lamination. Their combination enables the manufacture of completely functional devices in exceptionally high yields. Critical to the ink and process development is a carefully chosen technology transfer to industry method where first a roll coater is employed enabling contactless stack build up, followed by a small roll-to-roll coater fitted to an X-ray machine enabling in situ studies of wet ink deposition and drying mechanisms, ultimately elucidating how a robust inline processed recombination layer is key to a high technical yield. Finally, the transfer to full roll-to-roll processing is demonstrated
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2925-2933
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Ink
Solar cells
Printing
atmosphere
coating
Coatings
Screen printing
Technology transfer
technology transfer
lamination
X ray scattering
recombination
Drying
Polymers
polymer
scattering
X rays
methodology
industry
Testing

Cite this

Andersen, T. R., Dam, H. F., Hösel, M., Helgesen, M., Carle, J. E., Larsen-Olsen, T. T., ... Krebs, F. C. (2014). Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules. Energy and Environmental Science, 7(9), 2925-2933. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ee01223b
Andersen, T.R. ; Dam, H.F. ; Hösel, M. ; Helgesen, M. ; Carle, J.E. ; Larsen-Olsen, T.T. ; Gevorgyan, S.A. ; Andreasen, J.W. ; Adams, J. ; Li, N. ; achui, F. ; Spyropoulos, G.D. ; Ameri, T. ; Lemaitre, N. ; Legros, M. ; Scheel, A. ; Gaiser, D. ; Kreul, K. ; Berny, S. ; Lozman, O.R. ; Nordman, Sirpa ; Välimäki, Marja ; Vilkman, Marja ; Søndergaard, R.R. ; Jørgensen, M. ; Brabec, C.J. ; Krebs, F.C. / Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules. In: Energy and Environmental Science. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 9. pp. 2925-2933.
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title = "Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules",
abstract = "Inline printing and coating methods have been demonstrated to enable a high technical yield of fully roll-to-roll processed polymer tandem solar cell modules. We demonstrate generality by employing different material sets and also describe how the ink systems must be carefully co-developed in order to reach the ambitious objective of a fully printed and coated 14-layer flexible tandem solar cell stack. The roll-to-roll methodologies involved are flexographic printing, rotary screen printing, slot-die coating, X-ray scattering, electrical testing and UV-lamination. Their combination enables the manufacture of completely functional devices in exceptionally high yields. Critical to the ink and process development is a carefully chosen technology transfer to industry method where first a roll coater is employed enabling contactless stack build up, followed by a small roll-to-roll coater fitted to an X-ray machine enabling in situ studies of wet ink deposition and drying mechanisms, ultimately elucidating how a robust inline processed recombination layer is key to a high technical yield. Finally, the transfer to full roll-to-roll processing is demonstrated",
author = "T.R. Andersen and H.F. Dam and M. H{\"o}sel and M. Helgesen and J.E. Carle and T.T. Larsen-Olsen and S.A. Gevorgyan and J.W. Andreasen and J. Adams and N. Li and F. achui and G.D. Spyropoulos and T. Ameri and N. Lemaitre and M. Legros and A. Scheel and D. Gaiser and K. Kreul and S. Berny and O.R. Lozman and Sirpa Nordman and Marja V{\"a}lim{\"a}ki and Marja Vilkman and R.R. S{\o}ndergaard and M. J{\o}rgensen and C.J. Brabec and F.C. Krebs",
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Andersen, TR, Dam, HF, Hösel, M, Helgesen, M, Carle, JE, Larsen-Olsen, TT, Gevorgyan, SA, Andreasen, JW, Adams, J, Li, N, achui, F, Spyropoulos, GD, Ameri, T, Lemaitre, N, Legros, M, Scheel, A, Gaiser, D, Kreul, K, Berny, S, Lozman, OR, Nordman, S, Välimäki, M, Vilkman, M, Søndergaard, RR, Jørgensen, M, Brabec, CJ & Krebs, FC 2014, 'Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules', Energy and Environmental Science, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 2925-2933. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ee01223b

Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules. / Andersen, T.R.; Dam, H.F.; Hösel, M.; Helgesen, M.; Carle, J.E.; Larsen-Olsen, T.T.; Gevorgyan, S.A.; Andreasen, J.W.; Adams, J.; Li, N.; achui, F.; Spyropoulos, G.D.; Ameri, T.; Lemaitre, N.; Legros, M.; Scheel, A.; Gaiser, D.; Kreul, K.; Berny, S.; Lozman, O.R.; Nordman, Sirpa; Välimäki, Marja; Vilkman, Marja; Søndergaard, R.R.; Jørgensen, M.; Brabec, C.J.; Krebs, F.C. (Corresponding Author).

In: Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 7, No. 9, 2014, p. 2925-2933.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scalable, ambient atmosphere roll-to-roll manufacture of encapsulated large area, flexible organic tandem solar cell modules

AU - Andersen, T.R.

AU - Dam, H.F.

AU - Hösel, M.

AU - Helgesen, M.

AU - Carle, J.E.

AU - Larsen-Olsen, T.T.

AU - Gevorgyan, S.A.

AU - Andreasen, J.W.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Li, N.

AU - achui, F.

AU - Spyropoulos, G.D.

AU - Ameri, T.

AU - Lemaitre, N.

AU - Legros, M.

AU - Scheel, A.

AU - Gaiser, D.

AU - Kreul, K.

AU - Berny, S.

AU - Lozman, O.R.

AU - Nordman, Sirpa

AU - Välimäki, Marja

AU - Vilkman, Marja

AU - Søndergaard, R.R.

AU - Jørgensen, M.

AU - Brabec, C.J.

AU - Krebs, F.C.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

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DO - 10.1039/c4ee01223b

M3 - Article

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EP - 2933

JO - Energy and Environmental Science

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SN - 1754-5692

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