Scale-up of manufacturing of printed enzyme electrodes for enzymatic power source applications

Saara Tuurala (Corresponding Author), Otto-Ville Kaukoniemi, Leo von Hertzen, Johanna Uotila, Anu Vaari, M. Bergelin, P. Sjöberg, J.-E. Eriksson, Maria Smolander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Production of printable enzymatic power sources was scaled up from laboratory to roll-to-roll (R2R) pilot production. The anode and cathode enzymes were glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The best laboratory-scale cells had a maximum power and energy density of 1.4 ± 0.1 µW cm-2 and 5.5 ± 0.2 µWh cm-2, respectively. These values are 5 and 28 times higher compared to our previously published values. The R2R-produced cells had a maximum power and energy density of 0.40 ± 0.03 µW cm-2 and 0.6 ± 0.1 µWh cm-2, respectively. This is 11 % of the best laboratory manufactured cells. It is suspected that the decrease in electrochemical performance originates from the lower mediator amount and higher drying temperature than that of the laboratory produced cells. However, the trials conducted in this work showed that printed enzymatic active layers can be fabricated and dried with a rotary screen-printing machine in R2R process. Hence, fully printed GOx//laccase power sources could be produced from R2R on a large scale for printed electronics applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)881-892
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Enzyme electrodes
Laccase
Glucose Oxidase
Glucose oxidase
Screen printing
Drying
Anodes
Cathodes
Electronic equipment
Enzymes
Temperature

Keywords

  • printed electronics
  • biofuel cells
  • bioenergy
  • enzymatic power sources

Cite this

@article{a0b055cf71a947fea57f968172dd6080,
title = "Scale-up of manufacturing of printed enzyme electrodes for enzymatic power source applications",
abstract = "Production of printable enzymatic power sources was scaled up from laboratory to roll-to-roll (R2R) pilot production. The anode and cathode enzymes were glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The best laboratory-scale cells had a maximum power and energy density of 1.4 ± 0.1 µW cm-2 and 5.5 ± 0.2 µWh cm-2, respectively. These values are 5 and 28 times higher compared to our previously published values. The R2R-produced cells had a maximum power and energy density of 0.40 ± 0.03 µW cm-2 and 0.6 ± 0.1 µWh cm-2, respectively. This is 11 {\%} of the best laboratory manufactured cells. It is suspected that the decrease in electrochemical performance originates from the lower mediator amount and higher drying temperature than that of the laboratory produced cells. However, the trials conducted in this work showed that printed enzymatic active layers can be fabricated and dried with a rotary screen-printing machine in R2R process. Hence, fully printed GOx//laccase power sources could be produced from R2R on a large scale for printed electronics applications.",
keywords = "printed electronics, biofuel cells, bioenergy, enzymatic power sources",
author = "Saara Tuurala and Otto-Ville Kaukoniemi and {von Hertzen}, Leo and Johanna Uotila and Anu Vaari and M. Bergelin and P. Sj{\"o}berg and J.-E. Eriksson and Maria Smolander",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10800-014-0702-2",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "881--892",
journal = "Journal of Applied Electrochemistry",
issn = "0021-891X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

Scale-up of manufacturing of printed enzyme electrodes for enzymatic power source applications. / Tuurala, Saara (Corresponding Author); Kaukoniemi, Otto-Ville; von Hertzen, Leo; Uotila, Johanna; Vaari, Anu; Bergelin, M.; Sjöberg, P.; Eriksson, J.-E.; Smolander, Maria.

In: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, Vol. 44, No. 7, 2014, p. 881-892.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scale-up of manufacturing of printed enzyme electrodes for enzymatic power source applications

AU - Tuurala, Saara

AU - Kaukoniemi, Otto-Ville

AU - von Hertzen, Leo

AU - Uotila, Johanna

AU - Vaari, Anu

AU - Bergelin, M.

AU - Sjöberg, P.

AU - Eriksson, J.-E.

AU - Smolander, Maria

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Production of printable enzymatic power sources was scaled up from laboratory to roll-to-roll (R2R) pilot production. The anode and cathode enzymes were glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The best laboratory-scale cells had a maximum power and energy density of 1.4 ± 0.1 µW cm-2 and 5.5 ± 0.2 µWh cm-2, respectively. These values are 5 and 28 times higher compared to our previously published values. The R2R-produced cells had a maximum power and energy density of 0.40 ± 0.03 µW cm-2 and 0.6 ± 0.1 µWh cm-2, respectively. This is 11 % of the best laboratory manufactured cells. It is suspected that the decrease in electrochemical performance originates from the lower mediator amount and higher drying temperature than that of the laboratory produced cells. However, the trials conducted in this work showed that printed enzymatic active layers can be fabricated and dried with a rotary screen-printing machine in R2R process. Hence, fully printed GOx//laccase power sources could be produced from R2R on a large scale for printed electronics applications.

AB - Production of printable enzymatic power sources was scaled up from laboratory to roll-to-roll (R2R) pilot production. The anode and cathode enzymes were glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase, respectively. The best laboratory-scale cells had a maximum power and energy density of 1.4 ± 0.1 µW cm-2 and 5.5 ± 0.2 µWh cm-2, respectively. These values are 5 and 28 times higher compared to our previously published values. The R2R-produced cells had a maximum power and energy density of 0.40 ± 0.03 µW cm-2 and 0.6 ± 0.1 µWh cm-2, respectively. This is 11 % of the best laboratory manufactured cells. It is suspected that the decrease in electrochemical performance originates from the lower mediator amount and higher drying temperature than that of the laboratory produced cells. However, the trials conducted in this work showed that printed enzymatic active layers can be fabricated and dried with a rotary screen-printing machine in R2R process. Hence, fully printed GOx//laccase power sources could be produced from R2R on a large scale for printed electronics applications.

KW - printed electronics

KW - biofuel cells

KW - bioenergy

KW - enzymatic power sources

U2 - 10.1007/s10800-014-0702-2

DO - 10.1007/s10800-014-0702-2

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 881

EP - 892

JO - Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

JF - Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

SN - 0021-891X

IS - 7

ER -