Secretome analysis of the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium grown on ammonia-treated lignocellulosic biomass from birch wood

Kiyoshi Sakuragi, Chiaki Hori, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Masahiro Samejima (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ammonia pretreatment is a promising technique for enhancing enzymatic saccharification of lignocellulosic biomass. However, an enzymatic cocktail suitable for the breakdown of pretreated biomass samples is still being developed. The basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium is a well-studied fungus with regard to bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass. In the present work, we analyzed proteins secreted by P. chrysosporium grown on untreated and ammonia-treated birch wood meal. Fungal growth, xylanase activity, and extracellular protease activity increased in the media containing the ammonia-treated biomass; however, cellulase production decreased compared to that observed in the untreated biomass. Secreted extracellular proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis and identified by liquid chromatography ion–trap mass spectrometry. Fifty-five spots corresponding to secreted proteins were chosen for further analysis. In the culture with ammonia-treated biomass, the relative concentration of a xylanase belonging to glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 11 increased, while acetyl xylan esterases belonging to carbohydrate esterase family 1 decreased. Moreover, GH family 10 xylanases were promoted proteolysis in the culture of ammonia-treated biomass, leading to the loss of family 1 carbohydrate-binding modules. These results indicated that P. chrysosporium produced enzymes related to the recognition of structural changes on xylan with de-acetylation and introduction of nitrogen by ammonia pretreatment of birch wood meal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-853
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Wood Science
Issue number6
Early online date1 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible



  • Ammonia pretreatment
  • Birch wood
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Phanerochaete chrysosporium
  • Secretome analysis

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