Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos

Juha Sipilä, Pertti Auerkari, Stefan Holmström, Jyrki Itkonen, Ulrich Krause, Iris Vela, Michael Löscher

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Storing solid fuels like coal in large quantity is known to involve a risk of spontaneous combustion. In comparison to conventional open stockpiles, closed storage may in principle decrease this risk by more limited ingress of air, but the risk can also be enhanced for example by reduced access for preventive or mitigating action. The risk of self-heating until ignition is considered here for a unique underground rock storage of a coal-fired power plant. The main adverse consequence of non-functioning storage is interrupted district heating that is more difficult to replace in winter than lost electricity supply. To predict the risk of spontaneous combustion with reasonable confidence, material modelling of coal properties has been applied with verification by comparison to actual field evidence. Fire risk management is discussed in terms of the available early warning indicators and options for cooling, extinguishing and prioritised use of stored fuel.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBaltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts
    EditorsPertti Auerkari, Juha Veivo
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages44
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8030-9
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8029-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventBALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
    Duration: 11 Jun 201313 Jun 2013

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Technology
    Number107
    ISSN2242-1211

    Conference

    ConferenceBALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    CountryFinland
    CityHelsinki-Stockholm
    Period11/06/1313/06/13

    Fingerprint

    coal
    heating
    rock
    combustion
    electricity supply
    coal-fired power plant
    cooling
    winter
    air
    modeling
    comparison

    Cite this

    Sipilä, J., Auerkari, P., Holmström, S., Itkonen, J., Krause, U., Vela, I., & Löscher, M. (2013). Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos. In P. Auerkari, & J. Veivo (Eds.), Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts (pp. 44). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Technology, No. 107
    Sipilä, Juha ; Auerkari, Pertti ; Holmström, Stefan ; Itkonen, Jyrki ; Krause, Ulrich ; Vela, Iris ; Löscher, Michael. / Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos. Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts. editor / Pertti Auerkari ; Juha Veivo. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. pp. 44 (VTT Technology; No. 107).
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    title = "Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos",
    abstract = "Storing solid fuels like coal in large quantity is known to involve a risk of spontaneous combustion. In comparison to conventional open stockpiles, closed storage may in principle decrease this risk by more limited ingress of air, but the risk can also be enhanced for example by reduced access for preventive or mitigating action. The risk of self-heating until ignition is considered here for a unique underground rock storage of a coal-fired power plant. The main adverse consequence of non-functioning storage is interrupted district heating that is more difficult to replace in winter than lost electricity supply. To predict the risk of spontaneous combustion with reasonable confidence, material modelling of coal properties has been applied with verification by comparison to actual field evidence. Fire risk management is discussed in terms of the available early warning indicators and options for cooling, extinguishing and prioritised use of stored fuel.",
    author = "Juha Sipil{\"a} and Pertti Auerkari and Stefan Holmstr{\"o}m and Jyrki Itkonen and Ulrich Krause and Iris Vela and Michael L{\"o}scher",
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    Sipilä, J, Auerkari, P, Holmström, S, Itkonen, J, Krause, U, Vela, I & Löscher, M 2013, Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos. in P Auerkari & J Veivo (eds), Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Technology, no. 107, pp. 44, BALTICA IX - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland, 11/06/13.

    Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos. / Sipilä, Juha; Auerkari, Pertti; Holmström, Stefan; Itkonen, Jyrki; Krause, Ulrich; Vela, Iris; Löscher, Michael.

    Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts. ed. / Pertti Auerkari; Juha Veivo. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2013. p. 44 (VTT Technology; No. 107).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos

    AU - Sipilä, Juha

    AU - Auerkari, Pertti

    AU - Holmström, Stefan

    AU - Itkonen, Jyrki

    AU - Krause, Ulrich

    AU - Vela, Iris

    AU - Löscher, Michael

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Storing solid fuels like coal in large quantity is known to involve a risk of spontaneous combustion. In comparison to conventional open stockpiles, closed storage may in principle decrease this risk by more limited ingress of air, but the risk can also be enhanced for example by reduced access for preventive or mitigating action. The risk of self-heating until ignition is considered here for a unique underground rock storage of a coal-fired power plant. The main adverse consequence of non-functioning storage is interrupted district heating that is more difficult to replace in winter than lost electricity supply. To predict the risk of spontaneous combustion with reasonable confidence, material modelling of coal properties has been applied with verification by comparison to actual field evidence. Fire risk management is discussed in terms of the available early warning indicators and options for cooling, extinguishing and prioritised use of stored fuel.

    AB - Storing solid fuels like coal in large quantity is known to involve a risk of spontaneous combustion. In comparison to conventional open stockpiles, closed storage may in principle decrease this risk by more limited ingress of air, but the risk can also be enhanced for example by reduced access for preventive or mitigating action. The risk of self-heating until ignition is considered here for a unique underground rock storage of a coal-fired power plant. The main adverse consequence of non-functioning storage is interrupted district heating that is more difficult to replace in winter than lost electricity supply. To predict the risk of spontaneous combustion with reasonable confidence, material modelling of coal properties has been applied with verification by comparison to actual field evidence. Fire risk management is discussed in terms of the available early warning indicators and options for cooling, extinguishing and prioritised use of stored fuel.

    M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

    SN - 978-951-38-8029-3

    T3 - VTT Technology

    SP - 44

    BT - Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts

    A2 - Auerkari, Pertti

    A2 - Veivo, Juha

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Sipilä J, Auerkari P, Holmström S, Itkonen J, Krause U, Vela I et al. Self-heating and autoignition of coal in rock silos. In Auerkari P, Veivo J, editors, Baltica IX. International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Abstracts. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2013. p. 44. (VTT Technology; No. 107).